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Alley, R.B., Clark, P.U., Keigwin, L.D., and Webb, R.S., 1999. Making sense of millennial-scale climate change. In Clark, P.U., Webb, R.S., and Keigwin, L.D. (Eds.), Mechanisms of Global Climate Change at Millennial Time Scales. Geophys. Monogr., 112:385-394.

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Bond, G., Heinrich, H., Broecker, W., Labeyrie, L.D., McManus, J., Andrews, J., Huon, S., Jantschik, R., Clasen, S., Simet, C., Tedesco, K., Klas, M., Bonani, G., and Ivy, S., 1992. Evidence for massive discharges of icebergs into the North Atlantic Ocean during the last glacial period. Nature, 360:245-249. doi:10.1038/360245a0

Bond, G., Kromer, B., Beer, J., Muscheler, R., Evans, M.N., Showers, W., Hoffmann, S., Lotti-Bond, R., Hajdas, I., and Bonani, G., 2001. Persistent solar influence on North Atlantic climate during the Holocene. Science, 294:2130-2136. doi:10.1126/science.1065680

Bond, G.C., Showers, W., Elliot, M., Evans, M., Lotti, R., Hajdas, I., Bonani, G., and Johnson, S., 1999. The North Atlantic's 1-2 kyr climate rhythm: relation to Heinrich events, Dansgaard/Oescher cycles and the Little Ice Age. In Clark, P.U., Webb, R.S., and Keigwin, L.D. (Eds.), Mechanisms of Global Climate Change at Millennial Time Scales. Geophys. Monogr., 112:35-58.

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Carlut, J., and Courtillot, V., 1998. How complex is the time-averaged geomagnetic field over the past 5 Myr? Geophys. J. Int., 134:527-544. doi:10.1046/j.1365-246x.1998.00577.x

Channell, J.E.T., Hodell, D.A., McManus, J., and Lehman, B., 1998. Orbital modulation of the Earth's magnetic field intensity. Nature, 394:464-468. doi:10.1038/28833

Channell, J.E.T., and Lehman, B., 1997. The last two geomagnetic polarity reversals recorded in high-deposition-rate sediment drifts. Nature, 389:712-715. doi:10.1038/39570

Channell, J.E.T., Mazaud, A., Sullivan, A., Turner, S., and Raymo, M.E., 2002. Geomagnetic excursions and paleointensities in the 0.9-2.15 Ma interval of the Matuyama Chron at ODP Site 983 and 984 (Iceland Basin). J. Geophys. Res., 107. doi:10.1029/2001JB000491

Channell, J.E.T., Stoner, J.S., Hodell, D.A., and Charles, C.D., 2000. Geomagnetic paleointensity for the last 100 kyr from the sub-antarctic South Atlantic: a tool for inter-hemispheric correlation. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 175:145-160. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(99)00285-X

Clark, P.U., Webb, R.S., and Keigwin, L.D. (Eds.), 1999. Mechanisms of Global Climate Change at Millennial Time Scales. Geophys. Monogr., Vol. 112.

Coe, R.S., Hongre, L., and Glatzmaier, G.A., 2000. An examination of simulated geomagnetic reversals from a palaeomagnetic perspective. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A., 358(1768):1141-1170.

Crowley, T.J., 1999. Correlating high-frequency climate variations. Paleoceanography, 14:271-272. doi:10.1029/1999PA900003

De Menocal, P., Ortiz, J., Guilderson, T., and Sarnthein, M., 2000. Coherent high- and low-latitude climate variability during the Holocene warm period. Science, 288(5474):2198-2202. doi:10.1126/science.288.5474.2198

Flower, B.P., Oppo, D.W., McManus, J.F., Venz, K.A., Hodell, D.A., and Cullen, J., 2000. North Atlantic intermediate to deep water circulation and chemical stratification during the past 1 Myr. Paleoceanography, 15:388-403. doi:10.1029/1999PA000430

Frank, M., Schwarz, B., Baumann, S., Kubik, P.W., Suter, M., and Mangini, A., 1997. A 200 kyr record of cosmogenic radionuclide production rate and geomagnetic field intensity from 10Be in globally stacked deep-sea sediments. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 149:121-129. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(97)00070-8

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Gubbins, D., 1999. The distinction between geomagnetic excursions and reversals. Geophys. J. Int., 137:F1-F3. doi:10.1046/j.1365-246x.1999.00810.x

Guyodo, Y., Gaillot, P., and Channell, J.E.T., 2000. Wavelet analysis of relative geomagnetic paleointensity at ODP Site 983. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 184:109-123. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(00)00313-7

Guyodo, Y., and Valet, J.-P., 1996. Relative variations in geomagnetic intensity from sedimentary records: the past 200,000 years. Earth. Planet. Sci. Lett., 143:23-36. doi:10.1016/0012-821X(96)00121-5

Hillaire-Marcel, C., De Vernal, A., Bilodeau, G., and Wu, G., 1994. Isotope stratigraphy, sedimentation rates, deep circulation, and carbonate events in the Labrador Sea during the last ~200 ka. Can. J. Earth Sci., 31:63-89.

Hiscott, R.N., Aksu, A.E., Mudie, P.J., and Parsons, D.F., 2001. A 340,000 year record of ice rafting, paleoclimatic fluctuations, and shelf-crossing glacial advances in the southwestern Labrador Sea. Global Planet. Change, 28:227-240. doi:10.1016/S0921-8181(00)00075-8

Hulot, G., and Le Mouël, J.-L., 1994. A statistical approach to the Earth's main magnetic field. Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 82:167-183. doi:10.1016/0031-9201(94)90070-1

Hongre, L., Hulot, G., and Khokhlov, A., 1998. An analysis of the geomagnetic field over the past 2000 years. Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 106:311-335. doi:10.1016/S0031-9201(97)00115-5

Johnson, C.L., and Constable, C.G., 1997. The time-averaged geomagnetic field: global and regional biases for 0-5 Ma. Geophys. J. Int., 131:643-666.

Keigwin, L.D., Rio, D., Acton, G.D., et al., 1998. Proc. ODP, Init. Repts., 172: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program). [HTML]

Kelly, P., and Gubbins, D., 1997. The geomagnetic field over the past 5 million years. Geophys. J. Int., 128:315-330.

Kissel, C., Laj, C., Labeyrie, L., Dokken, T.,Voelker, A., and Blamart, D., 1999. Rapid climatic variations during marine isotopic Stage 3: magnetic analysis of sediments from Nordic Seas and North Atlantic. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 171:489-502. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(99)00162-4

Kleiven, H.F., Jansen, E., Curry, W.B., Hodell, D.A., and Venz, K., 2003. Atlantic Ocean thermohaline circulation changes on orbital to suborbital timescales during the mid-Pleistocene. Paleoceanography, 18. doi:10.1029/2001PA000629

Laj, C., Kissel, C., Mazaud, A., Channell, J.E.T., and Beer, J., 2000. North Atlantic paleointensity stack since 75 ka (NAPIS-75) and the duration of the Laschamp Event. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., 358:1009-1025.

Lund, S.P., Acton, G., Clement, B., Hastedt, M., Okada, M., and Williams, T., 1998. Geomagnetic field excursions occurred often during the last million years. Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 79:178-179.

Lund, S.P., Acton, G.D., Clement, B., Okada, M., and Williams, T., 2001a. Paleomagnetic records of Stage 3 excursions, Leg 172. In Keigwin, L.D., Rio, D., Acton, G.D., and Arnold, E. (Eds.), Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 172, 1-20 [Online]. Available from World Wide Web: <>.

Lund, S.P., Williams, T., Acton, G., Clement, B., and Okada, M., 2001b. Brunhes Chron magnetic-field excursions recovered from Leg 172 sediments. In Keigwin, L.D., Rio, D., Acton, G.D., and Arnold, E. (Eds.), Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 172, 1-18 [Online]. Available from World Wide Web: <>.

Mazaud, A., Laj, C., and Bender, M., 1994. A geomagnetic chronology for Antarctic ice accumulation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 21:337-340. doi:10.1029/93GL02789

McManus, J., Bond, G., Broecker, W., Johnsen, S., Laybeyrie, L., and Higgins, S., 1994. High resolution climate records from the North Atlantic during the last interglacial. Nature, 371:326-329. doi:10.1038/371326a0

McManus, J.F., Oppo, D.W., and Cullen, J.L., 1999. A 0.5 million year record of millennial-scale climate variability in the North Atlantic. Science, 283:971-975. doi:10.1126/science.283.5404.971

Meynadier, L., Valet, J.-P., Weeks, R.J., Shackleton, N.J., and Hagee, V.L., 1992. Relative geomagnetic intensity of the field during the last 140 ka. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 114:39-57. doi:10.1016/0012-821X(92)90150-T

Oppo, D.W., McManus, J.F., and Cullen, J.L., 1998. Abrupt climate events 500,000 to 340,000 years ago: evidence from subpolar North Atlantic sediments. Science, 279:1335-1338. doi:10.1126/science.279.5355.1335

Poli, M.S., Thunell, R.C., and Rio, D., 2000. Millennial-scale changes in North Atlantic Deep Water circulation during marine isotope Stages 11 and 12: linkage to Antarctic climate. Geology, 28:807-810. doi:10.1130/0091-7613(2000)028<0807:MSCINA>2.3.CO;2

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Raymo, M.E., 1999. Appendix. New insights into Earth's history: an introduction to Leg 162 postcruise research published in journals. In Raymo, M.E., Jansen, E., Blum, P., and Herbert, T.D. (Eds.), Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 162: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 273-275. [HTML]

Raymo, M.E., Oppo, D.W., Flower, B.P., Hodell, D.A., McManus, J.F., Venz, K.A., Kleiven, K.F., and McIntyre, K., 2004. Stability of North Atlantic water masses in face of pronounced climate variability during the Pleistocene. Paleoceanography, 19. doi:10.1029/2003PA000921

Sarnthein, M., Stattegger, K., Dreger, D., Erienkeuser, H., Grootes, P., Haupt, B.J., Jung, S., Kiefer, T., Kuhnt, W., Pflaumann, U., Schäfer-Neth, C., Schultz, H., Schultz, M., Seidov, D., Simstich, J., van Kreveld, S., Vogelsang, E., Völker, A., and Weinelt, M., 2001. Fundamental modes and abrupt changes in North Atlantic circulation and climate over the last 60 k.y.: concepts, reconstruction, and numerical modeling. In Schäfer, P., Ritzrau, W., Schlueter, M., and Thiede, J. (Eds.), The Northern North Atlantic: A Changing Environment: Berlin (Springer-Verlag), 365-410.

Schmieder, F., von Dobeneck, T., and Bleil, U., 2000. The mid-Pleistocene climate transition as documented in the deep South Atlantic Ocean: initiation, interim state and terminal event. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 179:539-549. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(00)00143-6

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Stoner, J.S., Channell, J.E.T., and Hillaire-Marcel, C., 1995. Late Pleistocene relative geomagnetic paleointensity from the deep Labrador Sea: regional and global correlations. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 134:237-252. doi:10.1016/0012-821X(95)00134-X

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Stoner, J.S., Channell, J.E.T., and Hillaire-Marcel, C., 1998. A 200 ka geomagnetic chronostratigraphy for the Labrador Sea: indirect correlation of the sediment record to SPECMAP. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 159:165-181. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(98)00069-7

Stoner, J.S., Channell, J.E.T., Hillaire-Marcel, C., and Kissel, C., 2000. Geomagnetic paleointensity and environmental record from Labrador Sea Core MD95-2024: global marine sediment and ice core chronostratigraphy for the last 110 kyr. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 183:161-177. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(00)00272-7

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Yamazaki, T., 1999. Relative paleointensity of the geomagnetic field during Brunhes Chron recorded in North Pacific deep-sea sediment cores: orbital influence? Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 169:23-35. doi:10.1016/S0012-821X(99)00064-3

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