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Figure F7. Summer monsoon moisture budget and transport path (inset) after Ding et al. (2004). Moisture budget averaged for 1990–1999 (June, July, and August; units are 106 kg/s). The southern Indian Ocean is the dominant moisture (latent heat) source. The Bay of Bengal, Indochina, the South China Sea, and China are all moisture sinks. No significant Pacific moisture source is indicated. Summer monsoon moisture transport patterns (inset) averaged for 1990–1999 (the 5th pentad of May through the 2nd pentad of July; units are kg/m/s).

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