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Proceedings of the
Ocean Drilling Program

Volume 174AX Supplement Initial Reports
New Jersey Coastal Plain

Covering onshore boreholes as part of the New Jersey Sea-Level Transect
Wilson Lake site: May 2011
Previous Leg 174X Supplement sites

Volume authorship
Miller, K.G., Sugarman, P.J., Browning, J.V., et al.

Wilson Lake site contributing scientists
Kenneth G. Miller, James V. Browning, Marie-Pierre Aubry, Tali Babila, Roni D. Baluyot, Selen Esmeray-Senlet, Mark D. Feigenson, Sarp Karakaya, Christopher J. Lombardi, Maria Makarova, Steve McCreary, Peter P. McLaughlin, Donald H. Monteverde, Richard K. Olsson, Charles T. Smith, Peter J. Sugarman, and James D. Wright

Published by
International Ocean Discovery Program


Publisher’s notes

This publication was prepared by the JOIDES Resolution Science Operator (JRSO) at Texas A&M University (TAMU).

Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the participating agencies, TAMU, or Texas A&M Research Foundation.

Some core photographs have been tonally enhanced to better illustrate particular features of interest. High-resolution images are available upon request.

Cover photograph is by IODP photographer J. Beck.

Copyright

Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.en_US). Unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction are permitted, provided the original author and source are credited.

Examples of how to cite this volume or part of this volume are available at
http://www-odp.tamu.edu/publications/citations/cite174ax.html
.

ISSN

World Wide Web: 2377-3189

Volume DOI

https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.ir.174AXS.1999


Contents

Initial Reports

Chapters

Wilson Lake site
K.G. Miller et al.
PDF Cited by

Previous Leg 174AX Supplement sites

Core descriptions

Visual core descriptions (VCDs) and digital images are included in this section.

Wilson Lake site
Visual core descriptions

Drilling location map

Leg 174AX Supplement site map


Foreword

The International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) represents the latest incarnation of almost five decades of scientific ocean drilling excellence and is generally accepted as the most successful international collaboration in the history of the Earth sciences. IODP builds seamlessly on the accomplishments of previous phases: the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Ocean Drilling Program, and Integrated Ocean Drilling Program. The 2013–2023 IODP Science Plan ( Illuminating Earth’s Past, Present, and Future ) defines four themes and thirteen challenges for this decade of scientific ocean drilling that are both of fundamental importance in understanding how the Earth works and of significant relevance to society as the Earth changes, at least in part in response to anthropogenic forcing. This phase of IODP represents a renewed level of international collaboration in bringing diverse drilling platforms and strategies to increasing our understanding of climate and ocean change, the deep biosphere and evolution of ecosystems, connections between Earth’s deep processes and surface manifestations, and geologically induced hazards on human timeframes.

The Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program presents the scientific and engineering results of IODP drilling projects, expedition by expedition. As in the preceding Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, expeditions in the new IODP are conducted by three implementing organizations, each providing a different drilling capability. These are the US Implementing Organization (USIO; through September 2014) and the JOIDES Resolution Science Operator (JRSO; as of October 2014), providing the leased commercial vessel JOIDES Resolution for riserless drilling operations; JAMSTEC’s Center for Deep Earth Exploration (CDEX), providing the drillship Chikyu for riser and occasional riserless operations; and the European Consortium for Ocean Research Drilling (ECORD) Science Operator (ESO), providing “mission-specific” platforms (MSPs) for expeditions that extend the IODP operational range where neither drillship is suitable, for example, in polar environments and in shallow waters. Scheduling decisions for each capability are made by three independent Facility Boards, each of which includes scientists, operators, and platform funding partners: the JOIDES Resolution Facility Board (JRFB), Chikyu IODP Board (CIB), and ECORD Facility Board (EFB). At the beginning of the new IODP, the three Facility Boards agreed to utilize Publication Services at the USIO and now the JRSO for production of all expedition Proceedings volumes and reports.

The new IODP differs from prior scientific ocean drilling programs in that it has neither a central management organization nor commingled funding for program-wide activities. Yet, this phase of IODP retains a fundamental integrative structural element: a “bottom-up” evaluation of all proposals for drilling expeditions by a single advisory structure composed of scientists representing all international program partners. International scientists may submit drilling proposals to the Science Support Office; all submitted proposals are then evaluated by a Science Evaluation Panel in the context of the Science Plan.

The new IODP also has a second internationally integrative level for high-level discussion and consensus-building: the IODP Forum. The Forum is charged with assessing program-wide progress toward achieving the Science Plan. At present, IODP involves 26 international financial partners, including the United States, Japan, an Australia/New Zealand consortium (ANZIC), Brazil, China, India, South Korea, and the eighteen members of ECORD (Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Israel, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom). This enhanced membership in the new IODP represents a remarkable level of international collaboration that remains one of the greatest ongoing strengths of scientific ocean drilling.

James A. Austin, Jr.
Chair, IODP Forum


International Ocean Discovery Program

JOIDES Resolution Science Operator

Website: http://iodp.tamu.edu

IODP JRSO

International Ocean Discovery Program

Texas A&M University

1000 Discovery Drive

College Station TX 77845-9547

USA

Tel: (979) 845-2673; Fax: (979) 845-4857

Email: information@iodp.tamu.edu

IODP JRSO Curation and Laboratories

IODP Gulf Coast Repository (GCR)

Texas A&M University

1000 Discovery Drive

College Station TX 77845-9547

USA

Tel: (979) 845-8490; Fax: (979) 845-1303

Email: rumford@iodp.tamu.edu

European Consortium for Ocean Research Drilling, Science Operator (ESO)

Website: http://www.ecord.org

IODP ESO Coordinator: Science, Logistics, and Operations

British Geological Survey

The Lyell Centre

Research Avenue South

Edinburgh EH14 4AP

United Kingdom

Tel: (44) 131-667-1000; Fax: (44) 131-668-4140

Email: eso@bgs.ac.uk

IODP ESO Petrophysics

European Petrophysics Consortium

Department of Geology

University of Leicester

Leicester LE1 7RH

United Kingdom

Tel: (44) 116-252-3611; Fax: (44) 116-252-3918

Email: sjd27@leicester.ac.uk

IODP ESO Curation and Laboratories

IODP Bremen Core Repository (BCR)

Center for Marine Environmental Sciences (MARUM)

University of Bremen

Leobener Strasse

28359 Bremen

Germany

Tel: (49) 421-218-65560; Fax: (49) 421-218-98-65560

Email: bcr@marum.de

Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)

Website: http://www.jamstec.go.jp/chikyu/e

IODP Japan Science Operator

Center for Deep Earth Exploration (CDEX)

Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology

Yokohama Institute for Earth Sciences

3175-25 Showa-machi

Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama

Kanagawa 236-0001

Japan

Tel: (81) 45-778-5643; Fax: (81) 45-778-5704

Email: cdex@jamstec.go.jp

IODP Japan Curation and Laboratories

IODP Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research (KCC)

Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology

200 Monobe Otsu

3175-25 Showa-machi

Nankoku City, Kochi 783-8502

Japan

Tel: (81) 88-864-6705; Fax: (81) 88-878-2192

Email: kcc.contact@jamstec.go.jp


Leg 174AX Supplement participants*

Previous Leg 174AX Supplement scientists

Leg 174AX Supplement Wilson Lake scientists

Kenneth G. Miller

Co-Chief Scientist

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Rutgers University

James V. Browning

Co-Chief Scientist

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Rutgers University

Marie-Pierre Aubry

Paleontologist (calcareous nannofossils)

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Rutgers University

Tali Babila

Geochemist (isotope stratigraphy)

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Rutgers University

Roni D. Baluyot

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Rutgers University

Selen Esmeray-Senlet

Paleontologist (foraminifers)

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Rutgers University

Mark D. Feigenson

Geochemist (isotope stratigraphy)

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Rutgers University

Sarp Karakaya

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Rutgers University

Christopher J. Lombardi

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Rutgers University

Maria Makarova

Geochemist (isotope stratigraphy)

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Rutgers University

Steve McCreary

Delaware Geological Survey

University of Delaware

Peter P. McLaughlin

Sedimentologist/Logging Specialist

Delaware Geological Survey

University of Delaware

Donald H. Monteverde

New Jersey Geological and Water Survey

Richard K. Olsson

Paleontologist (foraminifers)

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Rutgers University

Charles T. Smith

Delaware Geological Survey

University of Delaware

Peter J. Sugarman

Sedimentologist

New Jersey Geological and Water Survey

James D. Wright

Geochemist (isotope stratigraphy)

Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences

Rutgers University

*Addresses at time of expedition, except where updated by participants.

IODP Publication Services staff*

Douglas Cummings

Graphics Specialist II

Gudelia (“Gigi”) Delgado

Publications Coordinator

Ekanta Desai

Graphics Specialist II

Patrick H. Edwards

Production Editor IV

Jaime A. Gracia

Supervisor of Production and Graphics

Jenni Hesse

Editor III

Rhonda Kappler

Graphics Specialist III

Shana C. Lewis

Editor III

Ginny Lowe

Reports Coordinator

Amy McWilliams

Editor IV

Lorri Peters

Manager of Publication Services

Kenneth Sherar

Production Editor III

Alyssa Stephens

Graphics Specialist III

Courtney Van Gemert

Production Editor I

Crystal Wolfe

Production Editor III

Jean Wulfson

Graphics Specialist III

Ann Yeager

Distribution Specialist

*At time of publication.

Leg-related citations*

*Please send updates to PubCrd@iodp.tamu.edu.