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Adkins, J.F., Cheng, H., Boyle, E.A., Druffel, E.R.M., and Edwards, R.L., 1998. Deep-sea coral evidence for rapid change in ventilation of the deep north Atlantic 15,400 years ago. Science, 280:725–728. doi:10.1126/​science.280.5364.725

Bailey, W., Shannon, P.M., Walsh, J.J., and Unnithan, V., 2003. The spatial distributions of faults and deep sea carbonate mounds in the Porcupine Basin, offshore Ireland. Mar. Pet. Geol., 20(5):509–522. doi:10.1016/​S0264-8172(03)00079-5

Beyer, A., Schenke, H.W., Klenke, M., and Niederjasper, F., 2003. High resolution bathymetry of the eastern slope of the Porcupine Seabight. Mar. Geol., 198:27–54. doi:10.1016/​S0025-3227(03)00093-8

Colman, J.G., Gordon, D.M., Lane, A.P., Forde, M.J., and Fitzpatrick, J.J., 2005. Carbonate mounds off Mauritania, North-West Africa: status of deep-water corals and implications for management of fishing and oil exploration activities. In Freiwald, A., and Roberts, M. (Eds.), Cold-Water Corals and Ecosystems: New York (Springer-Verlag), 417–441.

De Cock, K., 2005. 3D-seismiche studie van koralbaanken aan de oostelijke rand van het Porcupine bekken [M.S. thesis]. Ghent Univ., Belgium.

De Mol, B., 2002. Development of coral banks in Porcupine Seabight (SW Ireland): a multidisciplinary approach [Ph.D. dissert.]. Ghent Univ., Belgium.

De Mol, B., Henriet, J.-P., and Canals, M., 2005a. Development of coral banks in Porcupine Seabight: do they have Mediterannean ancestors? In Freiwald, A., and Roberts, M. (Eds.), Cold-Water Corals and Ecosystems, Heidelberg (Springer-Verlag), 513–533.

De Mol, B., Kozachenko, M., Wheeler, A., Alvares, H., Henriet, J.-P., and Olu-Le Roy, K., 2005b. Thérèse Mound: a case study of coral bank development in the Belgica mound province, Porcupine Seabight. Int. J. Earth Sci. doi:10.1007/​s00531-005-0496-x

De Mol, B., Van Rensbergen, P., Pillen, S., Van Herreweghe, K., Van Rooij, D., McDonnell, A., Huvenne, V., Ivanov, M., Swennen, R., and Henriet, J.-P., 2002. Large deep-water coral banks in the Porcupine Basin, southwest of Ireland. Mar. Geol., 188(1–2):193–231. doi:10.1016/​S0025-3227(02)00281-5

Feary, D., Hine, A., Malone, M., and the Leg 182 Scientific Party, 1999. Cool-water ‘reefs,’ possible hydrogen sulphide/​methane clathrates, and brine circulation—preliminary results of Leg 182 drilling in the Great Australian Bight. JOIDES J., 25(2):4–7.

Flajs, G., and Hüssner, H., 1993. A microbial model for the lower Devonian stromatactis mud mounds of the Montagne Noire (France). Facies, 29:179–193.

Foubert, A., Beck, T., Wheeler, A.J., Opderbecke, J., Grehan, A., Klages, M., Thiede, J., Henriet, J.-P., and the Polarstern ARK-XIX/3A Shipboard Party, 2005. New view of the Belgica mounds, Porcupine Seabight, NE Atlantic: preliminary results from the Polarstern ARKXIX/3a ROV cruise. In Freiwald, A., and Roberts, M. (Eds.), Cold-Water Corals and Ecosystems: Heidelberg (Springer-Verlag), 403–415.

Frank, N., Paterne, M., Ayliffe, L., van Weering, T., Henriet, J.-P., and Blamart, D., 2004. Eastern North Atlantic deep-sea corals: tracing upper intermediate water δ14C during the Holocene. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 219:297–309. doi:10.1016/​S0012-821X(03)00721-0

Frederiksen, R., Jensen, A., and Westerberg, H., 1992. The distribution of the scleractinian coral Lophelia pertusa around the Faroe Islands and relation to tidal mixing. Sarsia, 77:157–171.

Freiwald, A., Fossa, J.H., Grehan, A., Koslow, T., and Roberts, J.M., 2004. Cold-water coral reefs: out of sight—no longer out of mind. UNEP/WCMC Rep., Biodiversity Ser., 22.

Freiwald, A., Henrich, R., and Pätzold, J., 1997. Anatomy of a deep-water coral reef mound from Stjernsund, West-Finnmark, Northern Norway. Spec. Publ.—SEPM (Soc. Sediment. Geol.), 56:141–162.

Games, K.P., 2001. Evidence of shallow gas above the Connemara oil accumulation, Block 26/28, Porcupine Basin. In Shannon, P.M., Haughton, P., and Corcoran, D. (Eds.), Petroleum Exploration of Ireland’s Offshore Basins. Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., 188:361–373.

Haug, G.H., and Tiedemann, R., 1998. Effect of the formation of the Isthmus of Panama on Atlantic Ocean thermohaline circulation. Nature (London, U. K.), 393:673–676. doi:10.1038/​31447

Henriet, J.-P., De Mol, B., Pillen, S., Vanneste, M., Van Rooij, D., Versteeg, W., Croker, P.F., Shannon, P., Unnithan, V., Bouriak, S., Chachkine, P., and the Porcupine-Belgica 97 Shipboard Party, 1998. Gas hydrate crystals may help build reefs. Nature (London, U. K.), 391:648–649. doi:10.1038/​35530

Henriet, J.-P., De Mol, B., Vanneste, M., Huvenne, V., Van Rooij, D., and the Porcupine-Belgica 97, 98, and 99 Shipboard Parties, 2001. Carbonate mounds and slope failures in the Porcupine Basin: a development model involving fluid venting. In Shannon, P.M., Haughton, P., and Corcoran, D. (Eds.), Petroleum Exploration of Ireland’s Offshore Basins. Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., 188:375–383.

Henriet, J.-P., Guidard, S., and the ODP Proposal 573 Team, 2002. Carbonate mounds as a possible example for microbial activity in geological processes. In Wefer, G., Billet, D., Hebbeln, D., Joergensen, B., and van Weering, Tj. (Eds.), Ocean Margin Systems: Heidelberg (Springer-Verlag), 439–455.

Hovland, M., Croker, P.F., and Martin, M., 1994. Fault-associated seabed mounds (carbonate knolls?) off western Ireland and north-west Australia. Mar. Pet. Geol., 11:232–246. doi:10.1016/​0264-8172(94)90099-X

Hovland, M., Mortensen, P.B., Brattegard, T., Strass, P., and Rokengen, K., 1998. Ahermatypic coral banks off mid-Norway: evidence for a link with seepage of light hydrocarbons. Palaios, 13:189–200.

Huvenne, V., De Mol, B., and Henriet, J.-P., 2003. A 3D seismic study of the morphology and spatial distribution of buried mounds in the Porcupine Seabight. Mar. Geol., 198:5–25. doi:10.1016/​S0025-3227(03)00092-6

Huvenne, V.A.I., Beyer, A., de Haas, H., Dekindt, K., Henriet, J.-P., Kozachenko, M., Olu-Le Roy, K., Wheeler, A.J., and TOBI/Pelagia 197 and CARACOLE participants, 2005. The seabed appearance of different coral bank provinces in the Porcupine Seabight, NE Atlantic: results from sidescan sonar and ROV seabed mapping. In Freiwald, A., and Roberts, J.M. (Eds.), Cold-Water Corals and Ecosystems: Heidelberg (Springer-Verlag), 535–569.

James, N.P., Feary, D.A., Surlyk, F., Simo, J.A., Betzler, C., Holbourn, A.E., Li, Q., Matsuda, H., Machiyama, H., Brooks, G.R., Andres, M.S., Hine, A.C., Malone, M.J., and the ODP Leg 182 Science Party, 2000. Quaternary bryozoan reef mounds in cool-water, upper slope environments: Great Australian Bight. Geology, 28:647–650. doi:10.1130/​0091-7613(2000)028<0647:QBRMIC>2.3.CO;2

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Johnston, S., Doré, A.G., and Spencer, A.M., 2001. The Mesozoic evolution of the southern North Atlantic region and its relationship to basin development in the south Porcupine Basin, offshore Ireland. In Shannon, P.M., Haughton, P., and Corcoran, D. (Eds.), Petroleum Exploration of Ireland’s Offshore Basins. Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., 188:237–263.

Kaufmann, B., 1997. Diagenesis of middle Devonian carbonate mounds of the Mader Basin (eastern Anti-Atlas, Morocco). J. Sediment. Res., A67:945–956.

Kenyon, N.H., Belderson, R.H., and Stride, A.H., 1978. Channels, canyons and slump folds between southwest Ireland and Spain. Oceanol. Acta, 1(3):369–380.

Kenyon, N.H., Akhmetzhanov, A.M., Wheeler, A.J., van Weering, T.C.E., de Haas, H., and Ivanov, M.K., 2003. Giant carbonate mud mounds in the southern Rockall Trough. Mar. Geol., 195:5–30. doi:10.1016/​S0025-3227(02)00680-1

Lees, A., 1988. Waulsortian reefs: the history of a concept. Mem. Inst. Geol. Univ. Louvain, 34:43–55.

Maldonado, A., and Nelson, C.H., 1999. Interaction of tectonic and depositional processes that control the evolution of the Iberian Gulf of Cadiz margin. Mar. Geol., 155:217–242. doi:10.1016/​S0025-3227(98)00148-0

McDonnell, A., and Shannon, P.M., 2001. Comparative Tertiary stratigraphic evolution of the Porcupine and Rockall Basins. In Shannon, P.M., Haughton, P., and Corcoran, D. (Eds.), Petroleum Exploration of Ireland’s Offshore Basins. Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., 188:323–344.

Moore, J.G., and Shannon, P.M., 1991. Slump structures in the late Tertiary of the Porcupine Basin, offshore Ireland. Mar. Pet. Geol., 8:184–197. doi:10.1016/​0264-8172(91)90006-M

Moore, J.G., and Shannon, P.M., 1995. The Cretaceous succession in the Porcupine Basin, offshore Ireland: facies distribution and hydrocarbon potential. In Croker, P.F., and Shannon, P.M. (Eds.), The Petroleum Geology of Ireland’s Offshore Basins. Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., 93:345–370.

Naeth, J., di Primio, R., Horsfield, B., Schaefer, R.G., Shannon, P.M., Bailey, W.R., and Henriet, J.-P., 2005. Hydrocarbon seepage and carbonate mound formation: a basin modelling study from the Porcupine basin (offshore Ireland). J. Petrol. Geol., 28:147-166.

Naylor, D., and Shannon, P.M., 1982. Geology of Offshore Ireland and West Britain: London (Graharn and Trotman).

Neumann, A.C., Kofoed, J.W., and Keller, G.H., 1977. Lithoherms in the Straits of Florida. Geology, 5:4–10. doi:10.1130/​0091-7613(1977)5<4:LITSOF>2.0.CO;2

Pingree, R.D., and Le Cann, B., 1989. Celtic and Armorican slope and shelf residual currents. Prog. Oceanogr., 23:303-338.

Pingree, R.D., and Le Cann, B., 1990. Structure, strength and seasonality of the slope currents in the Bay of Biscay region. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U.K., 70:857–885.

Rice, A.L., Billet, D.S.M., Thurston, M.H., and Lampitt, R.S., 1991. The Institute of Oceanographic Sciences Biology programme in the Porcupine Seabight: background and general introduction. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. U. K., 71:281–310.

Riding, R., 1991. Calcified cyanobacteria. In Riding, R. (Ed.), Calcareous Algae and Stromatolites: Berlin (Springer-Verlag), 55–87.

Rogers, A.D., 1999. The biology of Lophelia pertusa (Linnaeus, 1758) and other deep-water reef-forming corals and impacts from human activities. Intern. Rev. Hydrobiol., 84:315–06.

Rüggeberg, A., Dorschel, B., Dullo, W.-C., and Hebbeln, D., 2005. Sedimentary patterns in the vicinity of a carbonate mound in the Hovland mound province, northern Porcupine Seabight. In Freiwold, A., and Roberts, M. (Eds.), Cold-Water Corals and Ecosystems: Heidelberg (Springer-Verlag), 87–112.

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