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Alvarez Zarikian, C.A., Stepanova, A.Y., and Grützner, J., 2009. Glacial–interglacial variability in deep sea ostracod assemblage composition at IODP Site U1314 in the subpolar North Atlantic. Mar. Geol., 258(1–4):69–87. doi:10.1016/​j.margeo.2008.11.009

Bailey, I., Bolton, C.T., DeConto, R.M., Pollard, D., Schiebel, R., and Wilson, P.A., 2010. A low threshold for North Atlantic ice rafting from “low-slung slippery” late Pliocene ice sheets. Paleoceanography, 25(1):PA1212. doi:10.1029/​2009PA001736

Balsam, W., Damuth, J.E., and Deaton, B., 2007. Marine sediment components: identification and dispersal assessed by diffuse reflectance spectrophotometry. Int. J. Environ. Health, 1(3):403–426. doi:10.1504/​IJENVH.2007.017869

Bassinot, F.C., Labeyrie, L.D., Vincent, E., Quidelleur, X., Shackleton, N.J., and Lancelot, Y., 1994. The astronomical theory of climate and the age of the Brunhes-Matuyama magnetic reversal. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 126(1–3):91–108. doi:10.1016/​0012-821X(94)90244-5

Bodén, P., and Backman, J., 1996. A laminated sediment sequence from northern North Atlantic Ocean and its climatic record. Geology, 24(6):507–510. doi:10.1130/​0091-7613(1996)024<0507:ALSSFT>2.3.CO;2

Bond, G., Heinrich, H., Broecker, W., Labeyrie, L., McManus, J., Andrews, J., Huon, S., Jantschik, R., Clasen, S., Simet, C., Tedesco, K., Klas, M., Bonani, G., and Ivy, S., 1992. Evidence for massive discharges of icebergs into the North Atlantic Ocean during the last glacial period. Nature (London, U. K.), 360(6401):245–249. doi:10.1038/​360245a0

Bond, G., Kromer, B., Beer, J., Muscheler, R., Evans, M.N., Showers, W., Hoffmann, S., Lotti-Bond, R., Hajdas, I., and Bonani, G., 2001. Persistent solar influence on North Atlantic climate during the Holocene. Science, 294(5549):2130–2136. doi:10.1126/​science.1065680

Bond, G.C., and Lotti, R., 1995. Iceberg discharges into the North Atlantic on millennial time scales during the last glaciation. Science, 276(5200):1005–1010. doi:10.1126/​science.267.5200.1005

Bond, G.C., Showers, W., Elliot, M., Evans, M., Lotti, R., Hajdas, I., Bonani, G., and Johnson, S., 1999. The North Atlantic’s 1–2 kyr climate rhythm: relation to Heinrich Events, Dansgaard/Oeschger cycles, and the Little Ice Age. In Clark, P.U., Webb, R.S., and Keigwin, L.D. (Eds.), Mechanisms of Global Climate Change at Millennial Time Scales. Geophys. Monogr., 112:35–58.

Broecker, W., Bond, G., Klas, M., Clark, E., and McManus, J., 1992. Origin of the northern Atlantic’s Heinrich Events. Clim. Dyn., 6:(3–4)265–273. doi:10.1007/​BF00193540

Channell, J.E., Hodell, D.A., Romero, O.E., Hillaire-Marcel, C., de Vernal, A., Stoner, J.S., and Mazaud, A., 2009a. Testing North Atlantic relative paleointensity correlations for the Brunhes Chron with oxygen isotope data and markers for (Heinrich-type) detrital layers. Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 90(52)(Suppl.):GP32A-06. (Abstract)​meetings/​fm09/​waisfm09.html

Channell, J.E.T., Hodell, D.A., Xuan, C., Mazaud, A., and Stoner, J.S., 2008. Age calibrated relative paleointensity for the last 1.5 Myr at IODP Site U1308 (North Atlantic). Earth Planet Sci. Lett., 274(1–2):59–71. doi:10.1016/​j.epsl.2008.07.005

Channell, J.E.T., and Kleiven, H.F., 2000. Geomagnetic palaeointensities and astrochronological ages for the Matuyama–Brunhes boundary and the boundaries of the Jaramillo Subchron: palaeomagnetic and oxygen isotope records from ODP Site 983. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, A, 358(1768):1027–1047. doi:10.1098/​rsta.2000.0572

Channell, J.E.T., Sato, T., Kanamatsu, T., Stein, R., Malone, M., Alvarez-Zarikian, C., and the IODP Expeditions 303 and 306 Scientists, 2006. IODP Expeditions 303 and 306 monitor Miocene-Quaternary climate in the North Atlantic. Sci. Drill., 2:4–10. doi:10.2204/​

Channell, J.E.T., Xuan, C., and Hodell, D.A., 2009b. Stacking paleointensity and oxygen isotope data for the last 1.5 Myr (PISO-1500). Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 283(1–4):14–23. doi:10.1016/​j.epsl.2009.03.012

Clement, B.M., and Robinson, F., 1987. The magnetostratigraphy of Leg 94 sediments. In Ruddiman, W.F., Kidd, R.B., Thomas, E., et al., Init. Repts. DSDP, 94 (Pt. 2): Washington (U.S. Govt. Printing Office), 635–650. doi:10.2973/​dsdp.proc.94.112.1987

Cronin, T.M., DeMartino, D.M., Dwyer, G.S., and Rodriguez-Lazaro, J., 1999. Deep-sea ostracode species diversity: response to late Quaternary climate change. Mar. Micropaleontol., 37(3–4): 231–249. doi:10.1016/​S0377-8398(99)00026-2

Didié, C., and Bauch, H.A., 2000. Species composition and glacial–interglacial variations in the ostracode fauna of the northeast Atlantic during the past 200,000 years. Mar. Micropaleontol., 40(1–2):105–129. doi:10.1016/​S0377-8398(00)00034-7

Dingle, R.V., and Lord, A.R., 1990. Benthic ostracods and deep water-masses in the Atlantic Ocean. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 80(3–4):213–235. doi:10.1016/​0031-0182(90)90133-R

Eldholm, O., Thiede, J., and Taylor, E., 1987. Evolution of the Norwegian continental margin: background and objectives. In Eldholm, O., Thiede, J., Taylor, E., et al., Proc. ODP, Init. Repts., 104: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 5–25. doi:10.2973/​

Evans, H.F., Acton, G.D., Guyodo, Y., Channell, J., Ohno, M., and Kanamatsu, T., 2006. Magnetic stratigraphy and relative paleointensity from IODP Site U1313 from 2.4–6 Ma. Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 87(52)(Suppl.):GP13A-07. (Abstract)

Ferretti, P., Crowhurst, S.J., Hall, M.A., and Cacho, I., 2010. North Atlantic millennial-scale climate variability 910 to 790 ka and the role of the equatorial insolation forcong. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 293(12):28–41. doi:10.1016/​j.epsl.2010.02.016

Ferretti, P., Shackleton, N.J., Rio, D., and Hall, M.A., 2005. Early-middle Pleistocene deep circulation in the western subtropical Atlantic: southern hemisphere modulation of the North Atlantic Ocean. In Head, M.J., and Gibbard, P.L. (Eds.), Early–Middle Pleistocene Transitions: The Land–Ocean Evidence. Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., 247:131–145. doi:10.1144/​GSL.SP.2005.247.01.07

Gartner, S., 1992. Miocene nannofossil chronology in the North Atlantic, DSDP Site 608. Mar. Micropaleontol., 18(4):307–331. doi:10.1016/​0377-8398(92)90045-L

Harris, R.N., and Higgins, S.M., 2008. A permeability estimate in 56 Ma crust at ODP Hole 642E, Vøring Plateau Norwegian Sea. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 267(1–2):378–385. doi:10.1016/​j.epsl.2007.11.055

Harris, R.N., and the IODP Expedition 306 Scientists, 2006. Borehole observatory installations on IODP Expedition 306 reconstruct bottom-water temperature changes in the Norwegian Sea. Sci. Drill., 2:28–31. doi:10.2204/​

Hefter, J., Stein, R., and Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2007. The biomarker inventory, trace, and source of Heinrich Events and Heinrich-type layers (MIS 8–16) in the North Atlantic. Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 88(52)(Suppl.):PP41C-0689. (Abstract)​meetings/​fm07/​waisfm07.html

Hillaire-Marcel, C., de Vernal, A., Bilodeau, G., and Wu, G., 1994. Isotope stratigraphy, sedimentation rates, deep circulation, and carbonate events in the Labrador Sea during the last ~200 ka. Can. J. Earth Sci., 31(1):63–89. doi:10.1139/​e94-007

Hiscott, R.N., Aksu, A.E., Mudie, P.J., and Parsons, D.F., 2001. A 340,000 year record of ice rafting, paleoclimatic fluctuations, and shelf-crossing glacial advances in the southwestern Labrador Sea. Global Planet. Change, 28(1–4):227–240. doi:10.1016/​S0921-8181(00)00075-8

Hodell, D.A., Channell, J.E.T, Curtis, J.H., Romero, O.E., and Rohl, U., 2008. Onset of “Hudson Strait” Heinrich Events in the eastern North Atlantic at the end of the middle Pleistocene transition (~640 ka)? Paleoceanography, 23(4):PA4218. doi:10.1029/​2008PA001591

Hodell, D.A., and Curtis, J.H., 2008. Oxygen and carbon isotopes of detrital carbonate in North Atlantic Heinrich Events. Mar. Geol., 256(1–4):30–35. doi:10.1016/​j.margeo.2008.09.010

Hodell, D.A., Minth, E.K., Curtis, J.H., McCave, I.N., Hall, I.R., Channell, J.E.T., and Xuan, C., 2009. Surface and deep water hydrography on Gardar Drift (Iceland Basin) during the last interglacial period. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 288(1–2):10–19. doi:10.1016/​j.epsl.2009.08.040

Ji, J., Ge, Y., Balsam, W., Damuth, J.E., and Chen, J., 2009. Rapid identification of dolomite using a Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometer (FTIR): a fast method for identifying Heinrich Events in IODP Site U1308. Mar. Geol., 258(1–4):60–68. doi:10.1016/​j.margeo.2008.11.007

Krijgsman, W., and Kent, D.V., 2004. Non-uniform occurrence of short-term polarity fluctuations in the geomagnetic field? New results from middle to late Miocene sediments of the North Atlantic (DSDP Site 608). In Channell, J.E.T., Kent, D.V., Lowrie, W., and Meert, J.G. (Eds.), Timescales of the Paleomagnetic Field. Geophys. Monogr. 145:161–174.

Lisiecki, L.E., and Lisiecki, P.A., 2002. Application of dynamic programming to the correlation of paleoclimate records. Paleoceanography, 17(4):1049. doi:10.1029/​2001PA000733

Lisiecki, L.E., and Raymo, M.E., 2005. A Pliocene–Pleistocene stack of 57 globally distributed benthic δ18O records. Paleoceanography, 20(1):PA1003. doi:10.1029/​2004PA001071

Locarnini, R.A., Mishonov, A.V., Antonov, J.I., Boyer, T.P., and Garcia, H.E., 2006. World Ocean Atlas 2005, Volume 1: Temperature. In Levitus, S. (Ed.), NOAA Atlas NESDIS 61: Washington, DC (U.S. Govt. Printing Office).

Mazaud, A., Channell, J.E.T., Xuan, C., and Stoner, J.S., 2009. Upper and lower Jaramillo polarity transitions recorded in IODP Expedition 303 North Atlantic sediments: implications for transitional field geometry. Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 172(3–4):131–140. doi:10.1016/​j.pepi.2008.08.012

Miller, K.G., Feigenson, M.D., Wright, J.D., and Clement, B.M., 1991. Miocene isotope reference section, Deep Sea Drilling Project Site 608: an evaluation of isotope and biostratigraphic resolution. Paleoceanography, 6(1):33–52. doi:10.1029/​90PA01941

Ohno, M., Murakami, F., Komatsu, F., Guyodo, Y., Acton, G., Kanamatsu, T., Evans, H.F., and Nanayama, F., 2008. Paleomagnetic directions of the Gauss-Matuyama polarity transition recorded in drift sediments (IODP Site U1314) in the North Atlantic. Earth, Planets Space, 60:e13–e16.​journals/​EPS/​pdf/​2008e/​6009e013.pdf

Rashid, H., and Grosjean, E., 2006. Detecting the source of Heinrich Layers: an organic geochemical study. Paleoceanography, 21(3):PA3041. doi:10.1029/​2005PA001240

Raymo, M.E., Ruddiman, W.F., Backman, J., Clement, B.M., and Martinson, D.G., 1989. Late Pliocene variation in Northern Hemisphere ice sheets and North Atlantic deep water circulation. Paleoceanography, 4(4):413–446. doi:10.1029/​PA004i004p00413

Ruddiman, W.F., 1977. Late Quaternary deposition of ice-rafted sand in the subpolar North Atlantic (lat 40°N to 65°N). Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 88(12):1813–1827. doi:10.1130/​0016-7606(1977)88<1813:LQDOIS>2.0.CO;2

Ruddiman, W.F., Raymo, M., and McIntyre, A., 1986. Matuyama 41,000-year cycles: North Atlantic Ocean and Northern Hemisphere ice sheets. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 80(1–2):117–129. doi:10.1016/​0012-821X(86)90024-5

Ruddiman, W.F., Raymo, M.E., Martinson, D.G., Clement, B.M., and Backman, J., 1989. Pleistocene evolution: Northern Hemisphere ice sheets and North Atlantic Ocean. Paleoceanography, 4(4):353–412. doi:10.1029/​PA004i004p00353

Sarnthein, M., Bartoli, G., Prange, M., Schmittner, A., Schneider, B., Weinelt, M., Andersen, N., and Garbe-Schönberg, D., 2009. Mid-Pliocene shifts in ocean overturning circulation and the onset of Quaternary-style climates. Clim. Past, 5(2):269–283.​5/​269/​2009/​cp-5-269-2009.pdf

Shackleton, N.J., Fairbanks, R.G., Chiu, T.-C., and Parrenin, F., 2004. Absolute calibration of the Greenland time scale: implications for Antarctic time scales and for δ14C. Quat. Sci. Rev., 23(14–15):1513–1522. doi:10.1016/​j.quascirev.2004.03.006

Shimada, C., Sato, T., Toyoshima, S., Yamasaki, M., and Tanimura, Y., 2008. Paleoecological significance of laminated diatomaceous oozes during the middle-to-late Pleistocene, North Atlantic Ocean (IODP Site U1304). Mar. Micropaleontol., 69(2):139–150. doi:10.1016/​j.marmicro.2008.07.004

Sorrell, J., and Judge, S.A., 2007. Climate change in the North Atlantic Ocean (IODP Expedition 306, Site U1314) at ca. 1.5 Ma. Geol. Soc. Am. Abstr. Progr., 39(2):85.​gsa/​2007SE/​finalprogram/​abstract_119208.htm

Stein, R., Hefter, J., Grützner, J., Voelker, A., and Naafs, B.D.A., 2009. Variability of surface water characteristics and Heinrich-like events in the Pleistocene midlatitude North Atlantic Ocean: biomarker and XRD records from IODP Site U1313 (MIS 16–9). Paleoceanography, 24(2):PA2203. doi:10.1029/​2008PA001639

Stein, R., Kanamatsu, T., Alvarez-Zarikian, C., Higgins, S.M., Channell, J.E.T., Aboud, E., Ohno, M., Acton, G.D., Akimoto, K., Bailey, I., Bjørklund, K.R., Evans, H., Nielsen, S.H.H., Fang, N., Ferretti, P., Gruetzner, J., Guyodo, Y.J.B., Hagino, K., Harris, R., Hatakeda, K., Hefter, J., Judge, S.A., Kulhanek, D.K., Nanayama, F., Rashid, H., Sierro Sanchez, F.J., Voelker, A., and Zhai, Q., 2006. North Atlantic paleoceanography: the last five million years. Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 87(13):129–133. doi:10.1029/​2006EO130002

Stoner, J.S., Channell, J.E.T., and Hillaire-Marcel, C., 1995. Late Pleistocene relative geomagnetic paleointensity from the deep Labrador Sea: regional and global correlations. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 134(3–4):237–252. doi:10.1016/​0012-821X(95)00134-X

Stoner, J.S., Channell, J.E.T., and Hillaire-Marcel, C., 1996. The magnetic signature of rapidly deposited detrital layers from the deep Labrador Sea: relationship to North Atlantic Heinrich layers. Paleoceanography, 11(3):309–325. doi:10.1029/​96PA00583

van Kreveld, S.A., Knappertsbusch, M., Ottens, J., Ganssen, G.M., and van Hinte, J.E., 1996. Biogenic carbonate and ice-rafted debris (Heinrich layer) accumulation in deep-sea sediments from a Northeast Atlantic piston core. Mar. Geol., 131(1–2):21–46. doi:10.1016/​0025-3227(95)00143-3

Voelker, A., Cavaleiro, C., Rebotim, A., Ventura, C., Hillaire-Marcel, C., and Martin, P., 2010. Surface and deep water variations and their impact on the Meridional Overturning Circulation during the mid-Brunhes as revealed at IODP Sites U1313 and U1305. Geophys. Res. Abst., 12:EGU2010-10810.​EGU2010/​EGU2010-10810.pdf

Voelker, A.H.L., Rodrigues, T., Stein, R., Hefter, J., Billups, K., Oppo, D., McManus, J., and Grimalt, J.O., 2009. Variations in mid-latitude North Atlantic surface water properties during the mid-Brunhes: does marine isotope Stage 11 stand out? Clim. Past, 5:1553–1607.​5/​1553/​2009/

Yamasaki, M., Matsui, M., Shimada, C., Chiyonobu, S., and Sato, T., 2008. Timing of shell size increase and decrease of the planktonic foraminifer Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (sinistral) during the Pleistocene, IODP Exp. 303 Site U1304, the North Atlantic Ocean. Open Paleontol. J., 1(1):18–23. doi:10.2174/​1874425700801010018