**Table T2.** Nomenclature.

Variable | Definition | Dimension | SI unit |
---|---|---|---|

C_{c} |
Compression index | Dimensionless | — |

C_{e} |
Expansion index | Dimensionless | — |

G_{s} |
Grain density | M/L^{3} |
g/cm^{3} |

H |
Height of specimen | L | mm |

H_{0} |
Initial height of specimen | L | mm |

K |
Hydraulic conductivity | L/T | m/s |

K_{i} |
In situ hydraulic conductivity | L/T | m/s |

OCR | Over consolidation ratio | Dimensionless | — |

P′_{c} |
Preconsolidation pressure | M/LT^{2} |
kPa |

SED | Strain energy density | M/LT^{2} |
kJ/m^{3} |

S_{i} |
Initial saturation | Dimensionless | — |

c_{v} |
Coefficient of consolidation | L^{2}/T |
m^{2}/s |

e |
Void ratio | Dimensionless | — |

e_{i} |
Initial void ratio measured on specimen | Dimensionless | — |

k_{i} |
In situ permeability | L^{2} |
m^{2} |

m_{v} |
Frame compressibility | LT^{2}/M |
1/kPa |

u |
Basal pore pressure | M/LT^{2} |
kPa |

u_{b} |
Back pressure | M/LT^{2} |
kPa |

w_{c} |
Water content measured on trimmings | Dimensionless | — |

w_{n} |
Water content measured on specimen | Dimensionless | — |

Δu |
Excess pore pressure | M/LT^{2} |
kPa |

Δu/σ_{v} |
Normalized excess pore pressure | Dimensionless | — |

δε/δt | Strain rate | 1/T | %/h |

ε | Axial strain | Dimensionless | % |

ε_{i} |
Axial strain prior to compression | Dimensionless | % |

ρ_{b} |
Bulk density | M/L^{3} |
g/cm^{3} |

γ_{w} |
Unit weight of water | M/L^{2}T^{2} |
kN/m^{3} |

σ_{v} |
Applied vertical stress | M/LT^{2} |
kPa |

σ′_{v} |
Vertical effective stress | M/LT^{2} |
kPa |

σ′_{iv} |
Vertical effective stress prior to compression | M/LT^{2} |
kPa |

σ′_{vh} |
Hydrostatic vertical effective stress | M/LT^{2} |
kPa |

σ′_{vm} |
Maximum vertical effective stress during consolidation | M/LT^{2} |
kPa |

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