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Ballard, A.L., and Sloan, E.D., Jr., 2002. The next generation of hydrate prediction, I. Hydrate standard states and incorporation of spectroscopy. Fluid Phase Equilib., 194–197:371–383. doi:10.1016/S0378-3812(01)00697-5

Circone, S., Kirby, S.H., and Stern, L.A., 2005. Direct measurement of methane hydrate composition along the hydrate equilibrium boundary. J. Phys. Chem. B, 109(19):9468–9475. doi:10.1021/jp0504874

Dickens, G., 2001. On the fate of past gas: what happens to methane released from a bacterially mediated gas hydrate capacitor? Geochem., Geophys., Geosyst., 2(1). doi:10.1029/2000GC000131

Dubessy, J., Boiron, M.C., Moissette, A., Monnin, C., and Stretenskaya, N., 1992. Determination of water, hydrates and pH in fluid inclusions by micro-Raman spectrometry. Eur. J. Mineral., 4(5):885–894.

Handa, Y.P., 1986. Compositions, enthalpies of dissociation, and heat capacities in the range 85 to 270 K for clathrate hydrates of methane, ethane, and propane, and enthalpy of dissociation of isobutane hydrate, as determined by a heat-flow calorimeter. J. Chem. Thermodyn., 18(10):915–921. doi:10.1016/0021-9614(86)90149-7

Handa, Y.P., and Tse, J.S., 1986. Thermodynamic properties of empty lattices of structure I and structure II clathrate hydrates. J. Phys. Chem., 90(22):5917–5921. doi:10.1021/j100280a092

Hester, K.C., 2007. Probing hydrate stability and structural characterization of both natural and synthetic clathrate hydrates [Ph.D. thesis]. Colorado School of Mines, Golden.

Hester, K.C., Dunk, R.M., White, S.N., Brewer, P.G., Peltzer, E.T., and Sloan, E.D., 2007. Gas hydrate measurements at Hydrate Ridge using Raman spectroscopy. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 71(12):2947–2959. doi:10.1016/j.gca.2007.03.032

Kennett, J.P., Cannariato, K.G., Hendy, I.L., and Behl, R.J., 2003. Methane Hydrates in Quaternary Climate Change: The Clathrate Gun Hypothesis. Spec. Publ.—Am. Geophys. Union.

Klauda, J.B., and Sandler, S.I., 2005. Global distribution of methane hydrate in ocean sediment. Energy Fuels, 19(2):459–470. doi:10.1021/ef049798o

Lu, H., Moudrakovski, I., Riedel, M., Spence, G., Dutrisac, R., Ripmeester, J., Wright, F., and Dallimore, S., 2005. Occurrence and structural characterizations of gas hydrates associated with a cold vent field, offshore Vancouver Island. J. Geophys. Res., 110(B10):B10204. doi:10.1029/2005JB003900

Milkov, A.V., 2004. Global estimates of hydrate-bound gas in marine sediments: how much is really out there? Earth-Sci. Rev., 66(3–4):183–197. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2003.11.002

Milkov, A.V., Claypool, G.E., Lee, Y.-J., Xu, W., Dickens, G.R., Borowski, W.S., and ODP Leg 204 Scientific Party, 2003. In situ methane concentrations at Hydrate Ridge offshore Oregon: new constraints on the global gas hydrate inventory from an active margin. Geology, 31(10):833–836. doi:10.1130/G19689.1

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Ripmeester, J.A., and Ratcliffe, C.I., 1988. Low-temperature cross-polarization/magic angle spinning 13C NMR of solid methane hydrates: structure, cage occupancy, and hydration number. J. Phys.Chem., 92(2):337–339. doi:10.1021/j100313a018

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Sloan, E.D., and Koh, C.A., 2007. Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, 3rd ed.: Boca Raton (CRC Press).

Subramanian, S., 2002. Measurements of clathrate hydrates containing methane and ethane using Raman spectroscopy [Ph.D. thesis]. Colorado School of Mines, Golden.

Sum, A.K., Burruss, R.C., and Sloan, E.D., Jr., 1997. Measurement of clathrate hydrates via Raman spectroscopy. J. Phys. Chem. B, 101(38):7371–7377. doi:10.1021/jp970768e

Uchida, T., Hirano, T., Ebinuma, T., Narita, H., Gohara, K., Mae, S., and Matsumoto, R., 1999. Raman spectroscopic determination of hydration number of methane hydrates. AIChE J., 45(12):2641–2645. doi:10.1002/aic.690451220

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Wilson, L.D., Tulk, C.A., and Ripmeester, J.A., 2002. Instrumental techniques for the investigation of methane hydrates: cross-calibrating NMR and Raman spectroscopic data [Fourth International Conference on Gas Hydrates, Yokohama, Japan, 19–23 May 2002].