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Agnini, C., Macri, P., Backman, J., Brinkhuis, H., Fornaciari, E., Giusberti, L., Luciani, V., Rio, D., Sluijs, A., and Speranza, F., 2009. An early Eocene carbon cycle perturbation at ~52.5 Ma in the Southern Alps: chronology and biotic response. Paleoceanography, 24(2):PA2209. doi:10.1029/2008PA001649

Brotzen, F., 1948. The Swedish Paleocene and its foraminiferal fauna. Arsb. Sver. Geol. Unders., Ser. C, 493:1–140.

Cushman, J.A., 1946. Upper Cretaceous foraminifera of the Gulf Coastal region of the United States and adjacent areas. U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap., 206:1–241.

Cushman, J.A., 1951. Paleocene foraminifera of the Gulf Coastal region of the United States and adjacent areas. U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap., 232:1–75.

Cushman, J.A., and Jarvis, P.W., 1932. Upper Cretaceous foraminifera from Trinidad. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 80:1–60.

D’haenens, S., Bornemann, A., Stassen, P., and Speijer, R.P., 2012. Multiple early Eocene benthic foraminiferal assemblage and δ13C fluctuations at DSDP Site 401 (Bay of Biscay—NE Atlantic). Mar. Micropaleontol., 88–89:15–35. doi:10.1016/j.marmicro.2012.02.006

Gooday, A.J., 2003. Benthic foraminifera (Protista) as tools in deep-water paleoceanography: environmental influences on faunal characteristics. Adv. Mar. Biol., 46:1–90. doi:10.1016/S0065-2881(03)46002-1

Griffith, E., Calhoun, M., Thomas, E., Averyt, K., Erhardt, A., Bralower, T., Lyle, M., Olivarez-Lyle, A., and Paytan, A., 2010. Export productivity and carbonate accumulation in the Pacific Basin at the transition from a greenhouse to icehouse climate (late Eocene to early Oligocene). Paleoceanography, 25(3):PA3212. doi:10.1029/2010PA001932

Jones, R.W., 1994. The Challenger Foraminifera: New York (Oxford).

Kaminski, M.A., and Gradstein, F.M., 2005. Atlas of Paleogene cosmopolitan deep-water agglutinated foraminifera. Grzybowski Found. Spec. Publ., 10.

Kennett, J.P., and Stott, L.D., 1991. Abrupt deep-sea warming, paleoceanographic changes and benthic extinctions at the end of the Palaeocene. Nature (London, U. K.), 353(6341):225–229. doi:10.1038/353225a0

Loeblich, A.R., Jr., and Tappan, H., 1988. Foraminiferal Genera and Their Classification: New York (Van Nostrand Reinhold).

Lourens, L.J., Sluijs, A., Kroon, D., Zachos, J.C., Thomas, E., Röhl, U., Bowles, J., and Raffi, I., 2005. Astronomical pacing of late Palaeocene to early Eocene global warming events. Nature (London, U. K.), 435(7045):1083–1087. doi:10.1038/nature03814

Lyle, M., Olivarez Lyle, A., Backman, J., and Tripati, A., 2005. Biogenic sedimentation in the Eocene equatorial Pacific—the stuttering greenhouse and Eocene carbonate compensation depth. In Lyle, M., Wilson, P.A., Janecek, T.R., et al., Proc. ODP, Init. Repts., 199: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 1–35. doi:10.2973/

Nomura, R., and Takata, H., 2005. Data report: Paleocene/Eocene benthic foraminifers, ODP Leg 199 Sites 1215, 1220, and 1221, equatorial central Pacific Ocean. In Wilson, P.A., Lyle, M., and Firth, J.V. (Eds.), Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 199: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 1–34. doi:10.2973/

Pälike, H., Nishi, H., Lyle, M., Raffi, I., Klaus, A., Gamage, K., and the Expedition 320/321 Scientists, 2009. Pacific Equatorial Age Transect. IODP Prel. Rept., 320. doi:10.2204/

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Shipboard Scientific Party, 2002. Leg 199 summary. In Lyle, M., Wilson, P.A., Janecek, T.R., et al., Proc. ODP, Init. Repts., 199: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 1–87. doi:10.2973/

Stap, L., Lourens, L.J., Thomas, E., Sluijs, A., Bohaty, S., and Zachos, J.C., 2010. High-resolution deep-sea carbon and oxygen isotope records of Eocene Thermal Maximum 2 and H2. Geology, 38(7):607–610. doi:10.1130/G30777.1

Thomas, E., 2007. Cenozoic mass extinctions in the deep sea: what disturbs the largest habitat on Earth? In Monechi, S., Coccioni, R., and Rampino, M. (Eds.), Large Ecosystem Perturbations: Causes and Consequences. Spec. Pap.—Geol. Soc. Am., 424:1–23. doi:10.1130/2007.2424(01)

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van Morkhoven, F.P.C.M., Berggren, W.A., Edwards, A.S.,and Oertli, H.J., 1986. Cenozoic cosmopolitan deep-water benthic foraminifera. Bull. Cent. Rech. Explor.—Prod. Elf-Aquitaine, 11.

Westerhold, T., Röhl, U., Wilkens, R., Pälike, H., Lyle, M., Jones, T.D., Bown, P., Moore, T., Kamikuri, S., Acton, G., Ohneiser, C., Yamamoto, Y., Richter, C., Fitch, P., Scher, H., Liebrand, D., and the Expedition 320/321 Scientists, 2012. Revised composite depth scales and integration of IODP Sites U1331–U1334 and ODP Sites 1218–1220. In Pälike, H., Lyle, M., Nishi, H., Raffi, I., Gamage, K., Klaus, A., and the Expedition 320/321 Scientists, Proc. IODP, 320/321: Tokyo (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc.). doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.320321.201.2012

Winguth, A.M.E., Thomas, E., and Winguth, C., 2012. Global decline in ocean ventilation, oxygenation, and productivity during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum: implications for the benthic extinction. Geology, 40(3):263–266. doi:10.1130/G32529.1

Zachos, J.C., McCarren, H., Murphy, B., Röhl, U., and Westerhold, T., 2010. Tempo and scale of late Paleocene and early Eocene carbon isotope cycles: implications for the origin of hyperthermals. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 299(1–2):242–249. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.09.004