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Fiedler, P., and Talley, L., 2006. Hydrography of the eastern tropical Pacific: a review. Progress In Oceanography, 69(2–4):143–180.

Ford, H.L., Ravelo, A.C., Dekens, P.S., LaRiviere, J.P., and Wara, M.W., 2015. The evolution of the equatorial thermocline and the early Pliocene El Padre mean state. Geophysical Research Letters, 42(12):4878–4887.

Ford, H.L., Ravelo, A.C., and Hovan, S., 2012. A deep eastern equatorial Pacific thermocline during the early Pliocene warm period. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 355–356:152–161.

Martin, P.A., and Lea, D.W., 2002. A simple evaluation of cleaning procedures on fossil benthic foraminiferal Mg/Ca. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 3:1–8.

Mohtadi, M., Oppo, D.W., Lückge, A., DePol-Holz, R., Steinke, S., Groeneveld, J., Hemme, N., and Hebbeln, D., 2011. Reconstructing the thermal structure of the upper ocean: insights from planktonic foraminifera shell chemistry and alkenones in modern sediments of the tropical eastern Indian Ocean. Paleoceanography, 26(3):PA3219.

Rincón-Martínez, D., Steph, S., Lamy, F., Mix, A., and Tiedemann, R., 2011. Tracking the equatorial front in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean by the isotopic and faunal composition of planktonic foraminifera. Marine Micropaleontology, 79(1–2):24–40.

Rosenthal, Y., and Lohmann, G.P., 2002. Accurate estimation of sea surface temperatures using dissolution-corrected calibrations for Mg/Ca paleothermometry. Paleoceanography, 17(3):16-1–16-6.

Steph, S., Tiedemann, R., Groeneveld, J., Sturm, A., and Nürnberg, D., 2006. Pliocene changes in tropical east Pacific upper ocean stratification: response to tropical gateways? In Tiedemann, R., Mix, A.C., Richter, C., and Ruddiman, W.F. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, 202: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 1–51.

Steph, S., Tiedemann, R., Prange, M., Groeneveld, J., Schulz, M., Timmermann, A., Nürnberg, D., Rühlemann, C., Saukel, C., and Haug, G.H., 2010. Early Pliocene increase in thermohaline overturning: a precondition for the development of the modern equatorial Pacific cold tongue. Paleoceanography, 25(2):PA2202.

Wara, M.W., Anderson, L.D., Schellenberg, S.A., Franks, R., Ravelo, A.C., and Delaney, M.L., 2003. Application of a radially viewed inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrophotometer to simultaneous measurement of Mg/Ca, Sr/Ca, and Mn/Ca ratios in marine biogenic carbonates. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 4(8):8406.