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Data report: tectonic and induced structures in the JFAST core1

Tucker T. Keren2 and James D. Kirkpatrick2, 3


Structures surrounding the inferred location of the Japan Trench plate boundary décollement define the fault damage zone. We quantify the density of tectonic and induced structures in the damage zone from drill cores collected between 770 and 835 meters below seafloor from Hole C0019E during Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Expedition 343/343T, the Japan Trench Fast Drilling Project (JFAST). Cores contain structures formed by tectonic deformation and structures resulting from drill core recovery and handling. Differentiating between these two origins is essential for structural analyses and interpretation. We defined 10 styles of induced structures that we used to develop a new set of criteria for identifying induced structures in drill cores containing fine-grained sedimentary rocks. These criteria were used to categorize structures according to confidence in a tectonic origin. Our results show structure density (including all fractures, faults, breccias, and phyllosilicate bands) has a maximum adjacent to the décollement. This pattern in structure density is apparent for both exclusively tectonic structures and tectonic and induced structures combined. Local increases in induced structure density mask trends in tectonic structures, demonstrating that detecting trends in spatial variability in structure density is dependent on the recognition of induced structures. Additionally, the tectonic structure density increases where cores contain faults with significant displacements inferred from stratigraphic information, indicating that tectonic structure density can be used to identify secondary faults. We suggest that the criteria for identifying induced structures used in this study could be applied during visual core description in a variety of tectonic settings as a method to collect and assess reliable structural data.

1 Keren, T.T., and Kirkpatrick, J.D., 2016. Data report: tectonic and induced structures in the JFAST core. In Chester, F.M., Mori, J., Eguchi, N., Toczko, S., and the Expedition 343/343T Scientists, Proceedings of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, 343/343T: Tokyo (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc.). doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.343343T.204.2016

2 Department of Geosciences, Colorado State University, 1482 Campus Delivery, Fort Collins CO 80523, USA. Correspondence author:

3 Presently at: Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, McGill University, 3450 University Street, Montreal QC H3A0E8, Canada.

Initial receipt: 22 January 2015
Acceptance: 1 December 2015
Publication: 4 March 2016
MS 343343T-204