Abe, M., Kitoh, A., and Yasunari, T., 2003. An evolution of the Asian summer monsoon associated with mountain uplift—simulation with the MRI atmosphere–ocean coupled GCM. J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn., 81(5):909–933. doi:10.2151/​jmsj.81.909

Abe, M., Yasunari, T., and Kitoh, A., 2004. Effects of large-scale orography on the coupled atmosphere-ocean system in the tropical Indian and Pacific Oceans in boreal summer. J. Meteorol. Soc. Jpn., 82(2):745–759. doi:10.2151/​jmsj.2004.745

An, Z., Kutzbach, J.E., Prell, W.L., and Porter, S.C., 2001. Evolution of Asian monsoons and phased uplift of the Himalaya–Tibetan Plateau since late Miocene times. Nature (London, U. K.), 411(6833):62–66. doi:10.1038/​35075035

Asmerom, Y., Polyak, V.J., and Burns, S.J., 2010. Variable winter moisture in the southwestern United States linked to rapid glacial climate shifts. Nat. Geosci., 3(2):114–117. doi:10.1038/​ngeo754

Becker, J., Lourens, L.J., and Raymo, M.E., 2006. High-frequency climate linkages between the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean during marine oxygen isotope Stage 100 (MIS100). Paleoceanography, 21(3):PA3002. doi:10.1029/​2005PA001168

Bond, G., Broecker, W., Johnsen, S., McManus, J., Labeyrie, L., Jouzel, J., and Bonani, G., 1993. Correlations between climate records from North Atlantic sediments and Greenland ice. Nature (London, U. K.), 365(6442):143–147. doi:10.1038/​365143a0

Broecker, W.S., Bond, G., Klas, M., Bonani, G., and Wolfli, W., 1990. A salt oscillator in the glacial Atlantic? 1. The concept. Paleoceanography, 5(4):469–477. doi:10.1029/​PA005i004p00469

Cacho, I., Grimalt, J.O., and Canals, M., 2002. Response of the Western Mediterranean Sea to rapid climatic variability during the last 50,000 years: a molecular biomarker approach. J. Mar. Sys., 33–34:253–272. doi:10.1016/​S0924-7963(02)00061-1

Chen, C.-T.A., 2002. The impact of dams on fisheries: case of the Three Gorges Dam. In Steffen, W., Jaeger, J., Carson, D.J., and Bradshaw, C. (Eds.), Challenges of a Changing Earth: Berlin (Springer-Verlag), 97–99.

Chen, C.-T.A., and Wang, S.-L., 1999. Carbon, alkalinity and nutrient budgets on the East China Sea continental shelf. J. Geophys. Res., [Oceans], 104(C9):20675–20686. doi:10.1029/​1999JC900055

Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Broecker, W.S., Denton, G.H., Kong, X., Wang, Y., Zhang, R., and Wang, X., 2009. Ice age terminations. Science, 326(5950):248–252. doi:10.1126/​science.1177840

Copeland, P., 1997. The when and where of the growth of the Himalaya and the Tibetan Plateau. In Ruddiman, W.F. (Ed.), Tectonic Uplift and Climatic Change: New York (Plenum Press), 19–40.

Crusius, J., Pedersen, T.F., Calvert, S.E., Cowie, G.L., and Oba, T., 1999. A 36 kyr geochemical record from the Sea of Japan of organic matter flux variations and changes in intermediate water oxygen concentrations. Paleoceanography, 14(2):248–259. doi:10.1029/​1998PA900023

deMenocal, P.B, Bristow, J.F., and Stein, R., 1992. Paleoclimatic applications of downhole logs: Pliocene–Pleistocene results from Hole 798B, Sea of Japan. Proc. ODP Sci. Results, 127/128 (Pt. 1): College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 337–353. doi:10.2973/​

Ding, Z.L., Derbyshire, E., Yang, S.L., Sun, J.M., and Liu, T.S., 2005. Stepwise expansion of desert environment across northern China in the past 3.5 Ma and implications for monsoon evolution. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 237(1–2):45–55. doi:10.1016/​j.epsl.2005.06.036

Fournier, M., Fabbri, O., Angelier, J., and Cadet, J.-P., 2001. Regional seismicity and on-land deformation in the Ryukyu arc: implications for the kinematics of opening of the Okinawa Trough. J. Geophys. Res., [Solid Earth], 106(B7):13751–13768. doi:10.1029/​2001JB900010

Fujine, K., 2004. Fluctuation of the alkenone SST in the Japan Sea during the last 160 kys. [Ph.D. thesis]. Univ. Tokyo.

Gamo, T., 1999. Global warming may have slowed down the deep conveyor belt of a marginal sea of the northwestern Pacific: Japan Sea. Geophys. Res. Lett., 26(20):3137–3140. doi:10.1029/​1999GL002341

Gamo, T., and Horibe, Y., 1983. Abyssal circulation in the Japan Sea. J. Oceanogr., 39(5):220–230. doi:10.1007/​BF02070392

Guo, Z.T., Peng, S.Z., Hao, Q.Z., Biscaye, P.E., and Liu, T.S., 2001. Origin of the Miocene–Pliocene Red-Earth Formation at Xifeng in northern China and implications for paleoenvironments. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 170(1–2):11–26. doi:10.1016/​S0031-0182(01)00235-8

Gungor, A., Lee, G.H., Kim, H.-J., Han, H.-C., Kang, M.-H., Kim, J., and Sunwoo, D., 2012. Structural characteristics of the northern Okinawa Trough and adjacent areas from regional seismic reflection data: geologic and tectonic implications. Tectonics, 522–523:198–207. doi:10.1016/​j.tecto.2011.11.027

Hao, Q., and Guo, Z., 2004. Magnetostratigraphy of a late Miocene–Pliocene loess-soil sequence in the western Loess Plateau in China. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31(9):L09209. doi:10.1029/​2003GL019392

Harada, K., and Tsunogai, S., 1986. 226Ra in the Japan Sea and temporal variations of water characteristics in the Japan Sea bottom water. J. Mar. Res., 44:781–793.

Hase, H., Yoon, J.-H., and Koterayama, W., 1999. The current structure of the Tsushima Warm Current along the Japan coast. J. Oceanogr., 55(2):217–235. doi:10.1023/​A:1007894030095

Ichikawa, H., and Beardsley, R.C., 2002. The current system in the Yellow and East China Seas. J. Oceanogr., 58(1):77–92. doi:10.1023/​A:1015876701363

Ijiri, A., Wang, L., Oba, T., Kawahata, H., Huang, C.-Y., and Huang, C.-Y., 2005. Paleoenvironmental changes in the northern area of the East China Sea during the past 42,000 years. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 219(3–4):239–261. doi:10.1016/​j.palaeo.2004.12.028

Ikehara, K., 2003. Late Quaternary seasonal sea-ice history of the northeastern Japan Sea. J. Oceanogr., 59(5):585–593. doi:10.1023/​B:JOCE.0000009588.49944.3d

Irino, T., and Tada, R., 2000. Quantification of aeolian dust (Kosa) contribution to the Japan Sea sediments and its variation during the last 200 ky. Geochem. J., 34(1):59–93. doi:10.2343/​geochemj.34.59

Irino, T., and Tada, R., 2003. High-resolution reconstruction of variation in aeolian dust (Kosa) deposition at ODP Site 797, the Japan Sea, during the last 200 ka. Global Planet. Change, 35(1–2):143–156. doi:10.1016/​S0921-8181(02)00135-2

Isobe, A., Ando, M., Watanabe, T., Senjyu, T., Sugihara, S., and Manda, A., 2002. Freshwater and temperature transports through the Tsushima-Korea Straits. J. Geophys. Res., [Oceans], 107(C7):3065. doi:10.1029/​2000JC000702

Jain, A.K., Kumar, D., Singh, S., Kumar, A., and Lal, N., 2000. Timing, quantification, and tectonic modeling of Pliocene–Quaternary movements in the NW Himalaya: evidence from fission track dating. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 179(3–4):437–451. doi:10.1016/​S0012-821X(00)00133-3

Jansen, E., Fronval, T., Rack, F., and Channell, J.E.T., 2000. Pliocene–Pleistocene ice rafting history and cyclicity in the Nordic Seas during the last 3.5 Myr. Paleoceanography, 15(6):709–721. doi:10.1029/​1999PA000435

Jolivet, L., Tamaki, K., and Fournier, M., 1994. Japan Sea, opening history and mechanism: a synthesis. J. Geophys. Res., [Solid Earth], 99(B11):22237–22259. doi:10.1029/​93JB03463

Katoh, O., 1993. Detailed current structures in the eastern channel of the Tsushima Strait in summer. J. Oceanogr., 49(1):17–30. doi:10.1007/​BF02234005

Kawabe, M., 1982. Branching of the Tsushima Current in the Japan Sea, Part I. Data analysis. J. Oceanogr., 38(2):95–107. doi:10.1007/​BF02110295

Kido, Y., Minami, I., Tada, R., Fujine, K., Irino, T., Ikehara, K., and Chun, J.-H., 2007. Orbital-scale stratigraphy and high-resolution analysis of biogenic components and deep-water oxygenation conditions in the Japan Sea during the last 640 kyr. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 247(1–2):32–49. doi:10.1016/​j.palaeo.2006.11.020

Kim, C.-H., and Yoon, J.-H., 1999. A numerical modeling of the upper and the intermediate layer circulation in the East Sea. J. Oceanogr., 55(2):327–345. doi:10.1023/​A:1007837212219

Kimura, G., and Tamaki, K., 1986. Collision, rotation, and back-arc spreading in the region of the Okhotsk and Japan Seas. Tectonics, 5(3):389–401. doi:10.1029/​TC005i003p00389

Kimura, M., 1996. Active rift system in the Okinawa Trough and its northern continuation. Bull. Disaster Prev. Res. Inst., Kyoto Univ., 45(2–3):389.​dspace/​bitstream/​2433/​125010/​1/​b45p2-3n389p03.pdf

Kitoh, A., 2004. Effects of mountain uplift on East Asian summer climate investigated by a coupled atmosphere–ocean GCM. J. Clim., 17:783–802. doi:10.1175/​1520-0442(2004)​017<0783:EOMUOE>2.0.CO;2

Kodama, K., and Nakayama, K., 1993. Paleomagnetic evidence for post-late Miocene intra-arc rotation of South Kyushu, Japan. Tectonics, 12(1):35–47. doi:10.1029/​92TC01712

Kondo, M., 1985. Oceanographic investigations of fishing grounds in the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea—I. Characteristics of the mean temperature and salinity distributions measured at 50 m and near the bottom. Bull. Seikai Reg. Fish. Res. Lab., 62:19–55. (in Japanese with abstract in English)

Kong, F., Lawver, L.A., and Lee, T.-Y., 2000. Evolution of the southern Taiwan–Sinzi Folded Zone and opening of the southern Okinawa Trough. J. Asian Earth Sci., 18(3):325–341. doi:10.1016/​S1367-9120(99)00062-0

Kubota, Y., Kimoto, K., Tada, R., Oda, H., Yokoyama, Y., and Matsuzaki, H., 2010. Variations of East Asian summer monsoon since the last deglaciation based on Mg/Ca and oxygen isotope of planktic foraminifera in the northern East China Sea. Paleoceanography, 25(4):PA4205. doi:10.1029/​2009PA001891

Li, J.-J., Fang, X.-M., Van der Voo, R., Zhu, J.-J., Mac Niocaill, C., Cao, J.-X., Zhong, W., Chen, H.-L., Wang, J., and Wang, J.-M., and Zhang, Y.-C., 1997. Late Cenozoic magnetostratigraphy (11–0 Ma) of the Dongshanding and Wangjiashan sections in the Longzhong Basin, western China. Geol. Mijnbouw, 76(1–2):121–134. doi:10.1023/​A:1003153717799

Liu, X., and Yin, Z.-Y., 2002. Sensitivity of East Asian monsoon climate to the uplift of the Tibetan Plateau. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 183(3–4):223–245. doi:10.1016/​S0031-0182(01)​00488-6

Matsui, H., Tada, R., and Oba, T., 1998. Low-salinity isolation event in the Japan Sea in response to eustatic sea-level drop during LGM: reconstruction based on salinity-balance model. Quat. Res. (Daiyonki-Kenkyu), 37(3):221–233. (in Japanese with abstract in English) doi:10.4116/​jaqua.37.221

Mc Intyre, K., Delaney, M.L., and Ravelo, A.C., 2001. Millennial-scale climate change and oceanic processes in the late Pliocene and early Pleistocene. Paleoceanography, 16(5):535–543. doi:10.1029/​2000PA000526

Moreno, A., Cacho, I., Canals, M., Prins, M.A., Sánchez-Goñi, M.-F., Grimalt, J.O., and Weltje, G.J., 2002. Saharan dust transport and high-latitude glacial climatic variability: the Alboran Sea record. Quat. Res., 58:(3):318–328. doi:10.1006/​qres.2002.2383

Nagashima, K., 2005. Reconstruction of millennial-scale variation in eolian dust transport path to the Japan Sea based on grain size and ESR analyses [Ph.D. thesis]. Univ. Tokyo.

Nagashima, K., Tada, R., Matsui, H., Irino, T., Tani, A., and Toyoda, S., 2007. Orbital- and millennial-scale variations in Asian dust transport path to the Japan Sea. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 247(1–2):144–161. doi:10.1016/​j.palaeo.2006.11.027

Nagashima, K., Tada, R., Tani, A., Sun, Y., Isozaki, Y., Toyoda, S., and Hasegawa, H., 2011. Millennial-scale oscillations of the westerly jet path during the last glacial period. J. Asian Earth Sci., 40(6):1214–1220. doi:10.1016/​j.jseaes.2010.08.010

Nakagawa, T., Gotanda, K., Haraguchi, T., Danhara, T., Yonenobu, H., Brauer, A., Yokoyama, Y., Tada, R., Takemura, K., Staff, R.A., Payne, R., Ramsey, C.B., Bryant, C., Brock, F., Schlolaut, G., Marshall, M., Tarasov, P., Lamb, H., and Suigetsu 2006 Project Members, 2012. SG06, a fully continuous and varved sediment core from Lake Suigetsu, Japan: stratigraphy and potential for improving the radiocarbon calibration model and understanding of late Quaternary climate changes. Quat. Sci. Rev., 36:164–176. doi:10.1016/​j.quascirev.2010.12.013

Oba, T., Kato, M., Kitazato, H., Koizumi, I., Omura, A., Sakai, T., and Takayama, T., 1991. Paleoenvironmental changes in the Japan Sea during the last 85,000 years. Paleoceanography, 6(4):499–518. doi:10.1029/​91PA00560

Oba, T., Murayama, M., Matsumoto, E., and Nakamura, T., 1995. AMS-14C ages of the Japan Sea cores from the Oki Ridge. Quat. Res. (Daiyonki-Kenkyu), 34(4):289–296. (in Japanese with abstract in English) doi:10.4116/​jaqua.34.4_289

Ono, Y., Naruse, T., Ikeya, M., Kohno, H., and Toyoda, S., 1998. Origin and derived courses of eolian dust quartz deposited during marine isotope Stage 2 in East Asia, suggested by ESR signal intensity. Global Planet. Change, 18(3–4):129–135. doi:10.1016/​S0921-8181(98)00012-5

Otosaka, S., Togawa, O., Baba, M., Karasev, E., Volkov, Y.N., Omata, N., and Noriki, S., 2004. Lithogenic flux in the Japan Sea measured with sediment traps. Mar. Chem., 91(1–4):143–163. doi:10.1016/​j.marchem.2004.06.006

Porter, S.C., and An, Z., 1995. Correlation between climatic events in the North Atlantic and China during the last glaciation. Nature (London, U. K.), 375(6529):305–308. doi:10.1038/​375305a0

Prins, M.A., Postma, G., and Weltje, G.J., 2000. Controls on terrigenous sediment supply to the Arabian Sea during the late Quaternary: the Makran continental slope. Mar. Geol., 169(3–4):351–371. doi:10.1016/​S0025-3227(00)​00087-6

Raymo, M.E., Ganley, K., Carter, S., Oppo, D.W., and McManus, J., 1998. Millenial-scale climate instability during the early Pleistocene epoch. Nature (London, U. K.), 392(6677):699–702. doi:10.1038/​33658

Rea, D.K., and Leinen, M., 1988. Asian aridity and the zonal westerlies: late Pleistocene and Holocene record of eolian deposition in the northwest Pacific Ocean. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 66(1–2):1–8. doi:10.1016/​0031-0182(88)90076-4

Rea, D.K., Leinen, M., and Janecek, T.R., 1985. Geologic approach to the long-term history of atmospheric circulation. Science, 227(4688):721–725. doi:10.1126/​science.227.4688.721

Rea, D.K., Snoeckx, H., and Joseph, L.H., 1998. Late Cenozoic eolian deposition in the North Pacific: Asian drying, Tibetan uplift, and cooling of the Northern Hemisphere. Paleoceanography, 13(3):215–224. doi:10.1029/​98PA00123

Rowley, D.B., and Currie, B.S., 2006. Palaeo-altimetry of the late Eocene to Miocene Lunpola Basin, central Tibet. Nature (London, U. K.), 439(7077):677–681. doi:10.1038/​nature04506

Royden, L.H., Burchfiel, B.C., and van der Hilst, R.D., 2008. The geological evolution of the Tibetan Plateau. Science, 321(5892):1054–1058. doi:10.1126/​science.1155371

Sakai, H., Fujii, R., and Kuwahara, Y., 2002. Changes in the depositional system of the paleo-Kathmandu Lake caused by uplift of the Nepal Lesser Himalayas. J. Asian Earth Sci., 20(3):267–276. doi:10.1016/​S1367-9120(01)00046-3

Sánchez Goñi, M.-F., Cacho, I., Turon, J.-L., Guiot, J., Sierro, F.J., Peypouquet, J.-P., Grimalt, J.O., and Shackleton, N.J., 2002. Synchroneity between marine and terrestrial responses to millennial scale climatic variability during the last glacial period in the Mediterranean region. Clim. Dyn., 19(1):95–105. doi:10.1007/​s00382-001-0212-x

Schiemann, R., Lüthi, D., and Schär, C., 2009. Seasonality and interannual variability of the Westerly Jet in the Tibetan Plateau region. J. Clim., 22(11):2940–2957. doi:10.1175/​2008JCLI2625.1

Schulz, H., von Rad, U., and Erlenkeuser, H., 1998. Correlation between Arabian Sea and Greenland climate oscillations of the past 110,000 years. Nature (London, U. K.), 393(6680):54–57. doi:10.1038/​31750

Sibuet, J.-C., Deffontaines, B., Hsu, S.-K., Thareau, N., Le Formal, J.-P., Liu, C.-S., and the ACT Party, 1998. Okinawa Trough backarc basin: early tectonic and magmatic evolution. J. Geophys. Res., [Solid Earth], 103(B12):30245–30267. doi:10.1029/​98JB01823

Sudo, H., 1986. A note on the Japan Sea Proper Water. Prog. Oceanogr., 17(3–4):313–336. doi:10.1016/​0079-6611(86)​90052-2

Sun, D., An, Z., Su, R., Lu, H., and Sun, Y., 2003. Eolian sedimentary records for the evolution of monsoon and westerly circulations of northern China in the last 2.6 Ma. Sci. China, Ser. D: Earth Sci., 46(10):1049–1059. doi:10.1007/​BF02959400

Tada, R., 1994. Paleoceanographic evolution of the Japan Sea. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 108(3–4):487–508. doi:10.1016/​0031-0182(94)90248-8

Tada, R., 2004. Onset and evolution of millennial-scale variability in the Asian monsoon and its impact on paleoceanography of the Japan Sea. In Clift, P., Kuhnt, W., Wang, P., and Hayes, D. (Eds.), Continent-Ocean Interactions within East Asian Marginal Seas. Geophys. Monogr., 149:283–298. doi:10.1029/​149GM15

Tada, R., and Iijima, A., 1992. Lithostratigraphy and compositional variation of Neogene hemipelagic sediments in the Japan Sea. In Tamaki, K., Suyehiro, K., Allan, J., McWilliams, M., et al., Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 127/128 (Pt. 2): College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 1229–1260. doi:10.2973/​

Tada, R., Irino, T., and Koizumi, I., 1995. Possible Dansgaard–Oeschger oscillation signal recorded in the Japan Sea sediments. In Tsunogai, S., Iseki, K., Koike, I., and Oba, T. (Eds.), Global Fluxes of Carbon and Its Related Substances in the Coastal Sea-Ocean-Atmosphere Systems: Yokohama, Japan (M & J International), 517–522.

Tada, R., Irino, T., and Koizumi, I., 1999. Land-ocean linkages over orbital and millennial timescales recorded in late Quaternary sediments of the Japan Sea. Paleoceanography, 14(2):236–247. doi:10.1029/​1998PA900016

Tada, R., Koizumi, I., Cramp, A., and Rahman, A., 1992. Correlation of dark and light layers, and the origin of their cyclicity in the Quaternary sediments from the Japan Sea. In Pisciotto, K.A., Ingle, J.C., Jr., von Breymann, M.T., Barron, J., et al., Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 127/128 (Pt. 1): College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 577–601. doi:10.2973/​

Takikawa, T., Yoon, J.-H., and Cho, K.-D., 2005. The Tsushima Warm Current through Tsushima Straits estimated from ferryboat ADCP data. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 35(6):1154–1168. doi:10.1175/​JPO2742.1

Talley, L.D., Lobanov, V., Ponomarev, V., Salyuk, A., Tishchenko, P., Zhabin, I., and Riser, S., 2003. Deep convection and brine rejection in the Japan Sea. Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(4):1159. doi:10.1029/​2002GL016451

Tamaki, K., Suyehiro, K., Allan, J., Ingle, J.C., Jr., and Pisciotto, K.A., 1992. Tectonic synthesis and implications of Japan Sea ODP drilling. In Tamaki, K., Suyehiro, K., Allan, J., McWilliams, M., et al., Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 127/128 (Pt. 2): College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 1333–1348. doi:10.2973/​

Tapponnier, P., Zhiqin, X., Roger, F., Meyer, B., Arnaud, N., Wittlinger, G., and Jingsui, Y., 2001. Oblique stepwise rise and growth of the Tibet Plateau. Science, 294(5547):1671–1677. doi:10.1126/​science.105978

Tsunogai, S., Watanabe, Y.W., Harada, K., Watanabe, S., Saito, S., and Nakajima, M., 1993. Dynamics of the Japan Sea Deep Water studied with chemical and radiochemical tracers. In Teramato, T. (Ed.), Deep Ocean Circulation—Physical and Chemical Aspects. Elsevier Oceanogr. Ser. (Amsterdam), 59:105–119. doi:10.1016/​S0422-9894(08)​71321-7

Vance, D., Bickle, M., Ivy-Ochs, S., and Kubik, P.W., 2003. Erosion and exhumation in the Himalaya from cosmogenic isotope inventories of river sediments. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 206(3–4):273–288. doi:10.1016/​S0012-821X(02)​01102-0

Wagner, J.D.M., Cole, J.E., Beck, J.W., Patchett, P.J., Henderson, G.M., and Barnett, H.R., 2010. Moisture variability in the southwestern United States linked to abrupt glacial climate change. Nat. Geosci., 3:(2):110–113. doi:10.1038/​ngeo707

Wang, C., Zhao, X., Liu, Z., Lippert, P.C., Graham, S.A., Coe, R.S., Yi, H., Zhu, L., Liu, S., and Li, Y., 2008. Constraints on the early uplift history of the Tibetan Plateau. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 105(13):4987–4992. doi:10.1073/​pnas.0703595105

Wang, Y.J., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., An, Z.S., Wu, J.Y., Shen, C.-C., and Dorale, J.A., 2001. A high-resolution absolute-dated late Pleistocene monsoon record from Hulu Cave, China. Science, 294(5580):2345–2348. doi:10.1126/​science.1064618

Watanabe, Y.W., Watanabe, S., and Tsunogai, S., 1991. Tritium in the Japan Sea and the renewal time of the Japan Sea Deep Water. Mar. Chem., 34(1–2):97–108. doi:10.1016/​0304-4203(91)​90016-P

Wehausen, R., and Brumsack, G.-J., 2002. Astronomical forcing of the East Asian monsoon mirrored by the composition of Pliocene South China Sea sediments. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 201(3–4):621–636. doi:10.1016/​S0012-821X(02)​00746-X

Wobus, C.W., Hodges, K.V., and Whipple, K.X., 2003. Has focused denudation sustained active thrusting at Himalayan topographic front? Geology, 31(10):861–864. doi:10.1130/​G19730.1

Yanagi, T., 2002. Water, salt, phosphorus and nitrogen budgets of the Japan Sea. J. Oceanogr., 58(6):797–804. doi:10.1023/​A:1022815027968

Yang, S.L., Milliman, J.D., Li, P., and Xu, K., 2011. 50,000 dams later: erosion of the Yangtze River and its delta. Global Planet. Change, 75(1–2):14–20. doi:10.1016/​j.gloplacha.2010.09.006

Yokoyama, Y., Kido, Y., Tada, R., Minami, I., Finkel, R.C., and Matsuzaki, H., 2007. Japan Sea oxygen isotope stratigraphy and global sea-level changes for the last 50,000 years recorded in sediment cores from the Oki Ridge. Palaeogeogr., Palaeoclimatol., Palaeoecol., 247(1–2):5–17. doi:10.1016/​j.palaeo.2006.11.018

Yuan, D., Cheng, H., Edwards, R.L., Dykoski, C.A., Kelly, M.J., Zhang, M., Qing, J., Lin, Y., Wang, Y., Wu, J., Dorale, J.A., An, Z., and Cai, Y., 2004. Timing, duration, and transitions of the last interglacial Asian monsoon. Science, 304(5670):575–578. doi:10.1126/​science.1091220

Zheng, H., Powell, C.M., An, Z., Zhou, J., and Dong, G., 2000. Pliocene uplift of the northern Tibetan Plateau. Geology, 28(8):715–718. doi:10.1130/​0091-7613(2000)​28<715:PUOTNT>2.0.CO;2