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Alain, K., Olagnon, M., Desbruyères, D., Pagé, A., Barbier, G., Juniper, S.K., Quérellou, J., and Cambon-Bonavita, M.-A., 2002. Phylogenetic characterization of the bacterial assemblage associated with mucous secretions of the hydrothermal vent polychaete Paralvinella palmiformis. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 42(3):463–476. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2002.tb01035.x

Anderson, R.E., Beltrán, M.T., Hallam, S.J., and Baross, J.A., 2013. Microbial community structure across fluid gradients in the Juan de Fuca Ridge hydrothermal system. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 83(2):324–339. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2012.01478.x

Bidle, K.A., Kastner, M., and Bartlett, D.H., 1999. A phylogenetic analysis of microbial communities associated with methane hydrate containing marine fluids and sediments in the Cascadia margin (ODP Site 892B). FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 177(1):101–108. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6968.1999.tb13719.x

Briggs, B.R., Inagaki, F., Morono, Y., Futagami, T., Huguet, C., Rosell-Mele, A., Lorenson, T.D., and Colwell, F.S., 2012. Bacterial dominance in subseafloor sediments characterized by methane hydrates. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 81(1):88–98. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2012.01311.x

Briggs, B.R., Pohlman, J.W., Torres, M., Riedel, M., Brodie, E.L., and Colwell, F.S., 2011. Macroscopic biofilms in fracture-dominated sediment that anaerobically oxidize methane. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 77(19):6780–6787. doi:10.1128/AEM.00288-11

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Colwell, F., Nunoura, T., Delwiche, M., Boyd, S., Bolton, R., Reed, D., Takai, K., Lehman, M., Horikoshi, K., and Phelps, T., 2005. Evidence of minimal methanogenic numbers and activity in sediments collected from the JAPEX/JNOC/JSC et al. Mallik 5L-38 gas hydrate production research well. In Dallimore, S.R., and Collett, T.S. (Eds.), Scientific Results from the Mallik 2002 Gas Hydrate Production Research Well Program, Mackenzie Delta, Northwest Territories, Canada. Bull.—Geol. Surv. Can., 585:1–11.

Cowen, J.P., Giovannoni, S.J., Kenig, F., Johnson, H.P., Butterfield, D., Rappé, M.S., Hutnak, M., and Lam, P., 2003. Fluids from aging ocean crust that support microbial life. Science, 299(5603):120–123. doi:10.1126/science.1075653

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Davis, R.E., Stakes, D.S., Wheat, C.G., and Moyer, C.L., 2009. Bacterial variability within an iron-silica-manganese-rich hydrothermal mound located off-axis at the Cleft Segment, Juan de Fuca Ridge. Geomicrobiol. J., 26(8):570-580. doi:10.1080/01490450902889080

Durbin, A.M., and Teske, A., 2011. Microbial diversity and stratification of South Pacific abyssal marine sediments. Environ. Microbiol., 13(12):3219–3234. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2011.02544.x

Engelen, B., Ziegelmüller, K., Wolf, L., Köpke, B., Gittel, A., Cypionka, H., Treude, T., Nakagawa, S., Inagaki, F., Lever, M.A., and Steinsbu, B.O., 2008. Fluids from the ocean crust support microbial activities within the deep biosphere. Geomicrobiol. J., 25(1):56–66. doi:10.1080/01490450701829006

Expedition 301 Scientists, 2005. Expedition 301 summary. In Fisher, A.T., Urabe, T., Klaus, A., and the Expedition 301 Scientists, Proc. IODP, 301: College Station, TX (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc.). doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.301.101.2005

Expedition 327 Scientists, 2011a. Expedition 327 summary. In Fisher, A.T., Tsuji, T., Petronotis, K., and the Expedition 327 Scientists, Proc. IODP, 327: Tokyo (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc.). doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.327.101.2011

Expedition 327 Scientists, 2011b. Methods. In Fisher, A.T., Tsuji, T., Petronotis, K., and the Expedition 327 Scientists, Proc. IODP, 327: Tokyo (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc.). doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.327.102.2011

Expedition 327 Scientists, 2011c. Site U1363. In Fisher, A.T., Tsuji, T., Petronotis, K., and the Expedition 327 Scientists, Proc. IODP, 327: Tokyo (Integrated Ocean Drilling Program Management International, Inc.). doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.327.106.2011

Hoshino, T., Morono, Y., Terada, T., Imachi, H., Ferdelman, T.G., and Inagaki, F., 2011. Comparative study of subseafloor microbial community structures in deeply buried coral fossils and sediment matrices from the Challenger Mound in the Porcupine Seabight. Front. Extreme Microbiol., 2:231. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2011.00231

Huber, J.A., Butterfield, D.A., and Baross, J.A., 2006a. Diversity and distribution of subseafloor Thermococcales populations in diffuse hydrothermal vents at an active deep-sea volcano in the northeast Pacific Ocean. J. Geophy. Res.: Biogeosciences, 111(G4):G04016. doi:10.1029/2005JG000097

Huber, J.A., Johnson, H.P., Butterfield, D.A., and Baross, J.A., 2006b. Microbial life in ridge flank crustal fluids. Environ. Microbiol., 88(1):88–99. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2005.00872.x

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Inagaki, F., Nunoura, T., Nakagawa, S., Teske, A., Lever, M., Lauer, A., Suzuki, M., Takai, K., Delwiche, M., Colwell, F.S., Nealson, K.H., Horikoshi, K., D’Hondt, S., and Jørgensen, B.B., 2006. Biogeographical distribution and diversity of microbes in methane hydrate-bearing deep marine sediments on the Pacific Ocean margin. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A., 103(8):2815–2820. doi:10.1073/pnas.0511033103

Jungbluth, S.P., Grote, J., Lin, H.-T., Cowen, J.P., and Rappé, M.S., 2013. Microbial diversity within basement fluids of the sediment-buried Juan de Fuca Ridge flank. ISME J., 7:161–172. doi:10.1038/ismej.2012.73

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Lim, J.-M., Jeon, C.O., Lee, S.S., Park, D.-J., Xu, L.-H., Jiang, C.-L., and Kim, C.-J., 2008. Reclassification of Salegentibacter catena Ying et al. 2007 as Salinimicrobium catena gen. nov., comb. nov. and description of Salinimicrobium xinjiangense sp. nov., a halophilic bacterium isolated from Xinjiang province in China. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 58(2):438–442. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.65297-0

Lozupone, C., Hamady, M., and Knight, R., 2006. UniFrac—an online tool for comparing microbial community diversity in a phylogenetic context. BMC Bioinf., 7(1):371. doi:10.1186/1471-2105-7-371

Lozupone, C., and Knight, R., 2005. UniFrac: a new phylogenetic method for comparing microbial communities. Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 71(12):8228–8235. doi:10.1128/AEM.71.12.8228-8235.2005

Ludwig, W., Strunk, O., Westram, R., Richter, L., Meier, H., Kumar, Y., Buchner, A., Lai, T., Steppi, S., Jobb, G., Förster, W., Brettske, I., Gerber, S., Ginhart, A.W., Gross, O., Grumann, S., Hermann, S., Jost, R., König, A., Liss, T., Lüßmann, R., May, M., Nonhoff, B., Reichel, B., Strehlow, R., Stamatakis, A., Stuckmann, N., Vilbig, A., Lenke, M., Ludwig, T., Bode, A., and Schleifer, K.-H., 2004. ARB: a software environment for sequence data. Nucleic Acids Res., 32(4):1363–1371. doi:10.1093/nar/gkh293

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Marchesi, J.R., Weightman, A.J., Cragg, B.A., Parkes, R.J., and Fry, J.C., 2001. Methanogen and bacterial diversity and distribution in deep gas hydrate sediments from the Cascadia margin as revealed by 16S rRNA molecular analysis. FEMS Microbiol. Ecol., 34(3):221–228. doi:10.1111/j.1574-6941.2001.tb00773.x

Mason O.U., Di Meo-Savoie, C.A., Van Nostrand, J.D., Zhou, J., Fisk, M.R., and Giovannoni, S.J., 2009. Prokaryotic diversity, distribution, and insights into their role in biogeochemical cycling in marine basalts. ISME J., 3:231–242. doi:10.1038/ismej.2008.92

Mason, O.U., Nakagawa, T., Rosner, M., Van Nostrand, J.D., Zhou, J., Maruyama, A., Fisk, M.R., and Giovannoni, S.J., 2010. First investigation of the microbiology of the deepest layer of ocean crust. PLoS One, 5(11):e15399. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0015399

Mason, O.U., Stingl, U., Wilhelm, L.J., Moeseneder, M.M., Di Meo-Savoie, C.A., Fisk, M.R., and Giovannoni, S.J., 2007. The phylogeny of endolithic microbes associated with marine basalts. Environ. Microbiol., 9(10):2539–2550. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2007.01372.x

Mather, I.D., and Parkes, R.J., 2000. Bacterial profiles in sediments of the eastern flank of the Juan de Fuca Ridge, Sites 1026 and 1027. In Fisher, A., Davis, E.E., and Escutia, C. (Eds.), Proc. ODP, Sci. Results, 168: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 161–165. doi:10.2973/

Meyer, J.L., Akerman, N.H., Proskurowski, G., and Huber J.A., 2013. Microbiological characterization of post-eruption “snowblower” vents at Axial Seamount, Juan de Fuca Ridge. Front. Microbiol., 4:153. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2013.00153

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