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Proceedings of the
International Ocean Discovery Program

Volume 351
Izu-Bonin-Mariana Arc Origins

Expedition 351 of the riserless drilling platform
from and to Yokohama, Japan
Site U1438
30 May–30 July 2014

Volume authorship
Arculus, R.J., Ishizuka, O., Bogus, K., and the Expedition 351 Scientists

  


Published by
International Ocean Discovery Program


Publisher’s notes

Funding for the program was provided by the following agencies at the time of this expedition:

  • National Science Foundation (NSF), United States
  • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), Japan
  • European Consortium for Ocean Research Drilling (ECORD)
  • Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), People’s Republic of China
  • Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources (KIGAM)
  • Australian Research Council (ARC) and GNS Science (New Zealand), Australian/New Zealand Consortium (ANZIC)
  • Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), India
  • Coordination for Improvement of Higher Education Personnel, Brazil (CAPES)

Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the participating agencies, IODP Management International, Inc., Consortium for Ocean Leadership, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, Texas A&M University, or Texas A&M Research Foundation.

The bulk of the shipboard-collected core data from this expedition is accessible from the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) JOIDES Resolution Science Operator, Texas A&M University (TAMU), at iodp.tamu.edu/​database/​index.html. If you cannot access this site or need additional data, please contact: Data Librarian, International Ocean Discovery Program JOIDES Resolution Science Operator, Texas A&M University, 1000 Discovery Drive, College Station TX 77845-9547, USA. Tel: (979) 845-8495; Fax: (979) 458-1617; Email: database@iodp.tamu.edu.

A complete set of the logging data collected by IODP-USIO Science Services, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO), is available at brg.ldeo.columbia.edu/​logdb. If you have problems downloading the data, wish to receive additional logging data, or have questions regarding the data, please contact: Database Administrator, Borehole Research Group, Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, PO Box 1000, 61 Route 9W, Palisades NY 10964, USA. Tel: (845) 365-8343; Fax: (845) 365-3182; Email: logdb@ldeo.columbia.edu.

Supplemental data were provided by the authors and may not conform to IODP publication formats.

Some core photographs have been tonally enhanced to better illustrate particular features of interest. High-resolution images are available upon request.

Cover photograph is Expedition 351 cores. Photograph by Philipp Brandl.

Copyright

Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction are permitted, provided the original author and source are credited.

Examples of how to cite this volume or part of this volume are available at publications.iodp.org/proceedings/351/351title.html#bib.

ISSN

World Wide Web: 2377-3189


Contents

Expedition reports

Chapters

Expedition 351 summary
R.J. Arculus et al.
HTML PDF Download figures Download tables Cited by

Expedition 351 methods
R.J. Arculus et al.
HTML PDF Download figures Download tables Cited by

Site U1438
R.J. Arculus et al.
HTML PDF Download figures Download tables Cited by

Core descriptions

Visual core descriptions (VCDs), smear slide data, thin section data, and core images are included in this section. VCDs, smear slides, and thin sections are combined into PDF files for each site. The entire set of core images in PDF is available in the IMAGES directory and files.

Site U1438
Visual core descriptions · Smear slides · Thin sections

Expedition research results

Data reports

Pending.

Syntheses

Pending.

Drilling location maps

A site map showing the drilling locations for this expedition and maps showing the drilling locations of all International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP), produced using QGIS (www.qgis.org), Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, Ocean Drilling Program (ODP), and Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP), produced using Generic Mapping Tools (GMT) of Paul Wessel and Walter H.F. Smith (gmt.soest.hawaii.edu), are available in PDF.


Acknowledgments

Brian Taylor inspired our targeting of the Amami Sankaku Basin as the unequivocal basement of the Izu-Bonin-Mariana arc.


Foreword

The International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) represents a renewal and strategic refocusing of what has been widely hailed as one of the most successful and ambitious international scientific programs in the world. Based solidly on the 45-year scientific legacy of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Ocean Drilling Program, and Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, the new IODP Science Plan (Illuminating Earth’s Past, Present, and Future) defines 4 main themes and 13 challenges for the next decade of scientific ocean drilling that are both of fundamental importance in understanding how Earth works and of high relevance to society as Earth changes. The new IODP represents an extraordinary level of international collaboration in utilizing scientific ocean drilling to understand climate and ocean change, the deep biosphere and evolution of ecosystems, connections between Earth’s deep processes and surface impacts, and geological processes and hazards on human scales.

The Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program presents the scientific and engineering results of IODP drilling projects on an expedition basis. As in the preceding Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, expeditions in the new IODP will be conducted by three implementing organizations, each providing a different drilling platform. These are the U.S. Implementing Organization (USIO; through September 2014) and the JOIDES Resolution Science Operator (JRSO; as of October 2014), providing the research vessel JOIDES Resolution for riserless drilling operations; JAMSTEC’s Center for Deep Earth Exploration (CDEX), providing the drillship Chikyu for riser and occasional riserless operations; and the European Consortium for Ocean Research Drilling (ECORD) Science Operator (ESO), providing mission-specific platforms (MSPs) for expeditions that extend the IODP operational range where neither drillship is suitable. Scheduling decisions for each of the platforms are made separately by three independent Facility Boards, each of which includes scientists, operators, and platform funding partners: the JOIDES Resolution Facility Board (JRFB), Chikyu IODP Board (CIB), and ECORD Facility Board (EFB). At the beginning of the new IODP, the three Facility Boards agreed to utilize Publication Services at the USIO and now the JRSO for production of all expedition Proceedings volumes and reports.

The new IODP differs from prior legacy programs in that it has no central management authority nor commingled funding for program-wide activities. Yet the new IODP retains a key integrative structural element: evaluation of all proposals for drilling expeditions by a single advisory structure composed of scientists representing all international program partners. International scientists may submit drilling proposals to the Science Support Office; the proposals are then evaluated by the Science Evaluation Panel in the context of the new Science Plan.

The new IODP also has a second internationally integrative level for high-level discussion (but no executive authority): the IODP Forum. The Forum is defined as the custodian of the Science Plan and is charged with assessing program-wide progress toward achieving the Science Plan. As of the Forum’s first annual meeting (May 2014), IODP involves 27 international financial partners, including the United States, Japan, an Australia/New Zealand consortium (ANZIC), Brazil, China, India, South Korea, and the 19 members of ECORD (Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom). The enhanced membership in the new IODP represents a remarkable level of international collaboration that remains one of the greatest strengths of scientific ocean drilling.

Keir Becker
Inaugural Chair of the IODP Forum


Reviewers for this volume

Pending.


International Ocean Discovery Program implementing organizations

IODP European Implementing Organization: European Consortium for Ocean Research Drilling, Science Operator (ESO)

Website: www.eso.ecord.org

IODP-ESO Coordinator: Science, Logistics, and Operations

British Geological Survey

Murchinson House

West Mains Road

Edinburgh EH9 3LA

United Kingdom

Tel: (44) 131-667-1000; Fax: (44) 131-668-4140

Email: eso@bgs.ac.uk

IODP-ESO Petrophysics

European Petrophysics Consortium

Department of Geology

University of Leicester

Leicester LE1 7RH

United Kingdom

Tel: (44) 116-252-3611; Fax: (44) 116-252-3918

Email: sjd27@leicester.ac.uk

IODP-ESO Curation and Laboratories

IODP Bremen Core Repository (BCR)

Center for Marine Environmental Sciences (MARUM)

University of Bremen

Leobener Strasse

28359 Bremen

Germany

Tel: (49) 421-218-65560; Fax: (49) 421-218-98-65560

Email: bcr@marum.de

IODP Japanese Implementing Organization: Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)

Website: www.jamstec.go.jp/chikyu/e/

IODP-Japan Science Operator

Center for Deep Earth Exploration (CDEX)

Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology

Yokohama Institute for Earth Sciences

3175-25 Showa-machi

Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama

Kanagawa 236-0001

Japan

Tel: (81) 45-778-5643; Fax: (81) 45-778-5704

Email: cdex@jamstec.go.jp

IODP U.S. Implementing Organization

Website: iodp.tamu.edu

IODP-USIO Systems Integration Contractor

Consortium for Ocean Leadership

1201 New York Avenue, NW, 4th Floor

Washington DC 20005

USA

Tel: (202) 232-3900; Fax: (202) 462-8754

Email: info@oceanleadership.org

IODP-USIO Science Services, LDEO

Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University

PO Box 1000, 61 Route 9W

Palisades NY 10964

USA

Tel: (845) 365-8672; Fax: (845) 365-3182

Email: borehole@ldeo.columbia.edu

IODP-USIO Science Services, TAMU

International Ocean Discovery Program

Texas A&M University

1000 Discovery Drive

College Station TX 77845-9547

USA

Tel: (979) 845-2673; Fax: (979) 845-4857

Email: information@iodp.tamu.edu


Expedition 351 participants*

Expedition 351 scientists

Richard Arculus

Co-Chief Scientist

Research School of Earth Sciences

The Australian National University

Canberra ACT 0200

Australia

Richard.Arculus@anu.edu.au

Osamu Ishizuka

Co-Chief Scientist

Geological Survey of Japan/AIST

Central 7 1-1-1 Higashi

Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8567

Japan

o-ishizuka@aist.go.jp

Kara Bogus

Expedition Project Manager/Staff Scientist

International Ocean Discovery Program

Texas A&M University

1000 Discovery Drive

College Station TX 77845-9547

USA

bogus@iodp.tamu.edu

Laureen Drab

Logging Staff Scientist

Borehole Research Group

Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University

PO Box 1000, 61 Route 9W

Palisades NY 10964

USA

ldrab@ldeo.columbia.edu

Mohammed H. Aljahdali

Paleontologist (nannofossils)

Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Science

Florida State University

108 Carraway Building, Woodward Street

Tallahassee FL 32306-0001

USA

ma10u@my.fsu.edu

Alexandre N. Bandini-Maeder

Paleontologist (radiolarians)

School of Earth and Environment

University of Western Australia

35 Stirling Highway

Crawley

Perth WA 6009

Australia

alexandre.bandini@uwa.edu.au

Andrew P. Barth

Igneous Petrologist

Department of Earth Sciences

Indiana University—Purdue University

Indianapolis

723 West Michigan Street

Indianapolis IN 46202

USA

ibsz100@iupui.edu

Philipp A. Brandl

Igneous Petrologist

GeoZentrum Nordbayern

University of Erlangen-Nürnberg

Schlossgarten S

91054 Erlangen

Germany

philipp.brandl@fau.de

Rodrigo do Monte Guerra

Paleontologist (nannofossils)

Technological Institute of Micropaleontology

University of Vale do Rio dos Sinos (UNISINOS)

Bloco 6K, Avenue Unisinos, 950-B Cristo Rei

Sao Leopoldo 93022

Brazil

rodrigomguerra1@gmail.com

Michael C. Gurnis

Physical Properties Specialist

Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences

California Institute of Technology

1200 East California Boulevard, MC 2520-21

Pasadena CA 91125

USA

gurnis@gps.caltech.edu

Morihisa Hamada

Physical Properties Specialist

Institute for Research on Earth Evolution (IFREE)

Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology

2-15 Natsushima-cho

Yokosuka 237-0061

Japan

mhamada@jamstec.go.jp

Rosemary L. Hickey-Vargas

Igneous Petrologist

Earth and Environment Department

Florida International University

Modesto Maidique Campus, PC 344

Miami FL 33199

USA

hickey@fiu.edu

Fuqing Jiang

Sedimentologist

Institute of Oceanology

Chinese Academy of Sciences

7 Nanhai Road

Qingdao 266071

China

fqjiang@qdio.ac.cn

Kyoko Kanayama

Sedimentologist

College of Science and Engineering

Kanazawa University

Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa

Ishikawa 920-1192

Japan

kkanayama@staff.kanazawa-u.ac.jp

Sev Kender

Paleontologist (foraminifers)

British Geological Survey

Keyworth

Nottingham NG12 5GG

United Kingdom


Present address (June 2014):

School of Geography

University of Nottingham

University Park

Nottingham NG7 2RD

United Kingdom

sev.kender@nottingham.ac.uk

Yuki Kusano

Igneous Petrologist

Kanazawa University

Department of Earth Sciences

Kakuma-machi, Kanazawa

Ishikawa 920-1192

Japan

ykusano@staff.kanazawa-u.ac.jp

He Li

Igneous Petrologist

Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry

Chinese Academy of Sciences

511 Kehua Street

Wushan Guangzhou 51040

China

lihe09@gig.ac.cn

Lorne C. Loudin

Inorganic Geochemist

Department of Earth Sciences

University of New Hampshire

56 College Road, 214 James Hall

Durham NH 03824

USA

lorne.c.loudin@wildcats.unh.edu

Marco Maffione

Paleomagnetist

Institute of Earth Sciences

Utrecht University

Budapestlaan 17

3584 Utrecht

The Netherlands

m.maffione@uu.nl

Kathleen M. Marsaglia

Sedimentologist

Department of Geological Sciences

California State University, Northridge

18111 Nordhoff Street

Northridge CA 91330-8266

USA

kathie.marsaglia@csun.edu

Anders McCarthy

Igneous Petrologist

Institute of Earth Sciences

University of Lausanne

Bureau 4893, Geopolis Rue de la Mouline

1015 Lausanne

Switzerland

anders.mccarthy@unil.ch

Sebastien Meffre

Sedimentologist

School of Earth Sciences

University of Tasmania

Hobart TAS 7001

Australia

smeffre@utas.edu.au

Antony Morris

Paleomagnetist

School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences

Plymouth University

Drake Circus

Plymouth PL4 8AA

United Kingdom

amorris@plymouth.ac.uk

Martin Neuhaus

Göttingen Borehole Magnetometer Specialist

Institut für Geophysik und Extraterrestriche Physik

TU Braunschweig

Mendelssohnstrasse 3

38106 Braunschweig

Germany

m.neuhaus@tu-bs.de

Ivan P. Savov

Sedimentologist

School of Earth and Environment

University of Leeds

Leeds LS2 9JT

United Kingdom

I.savov@see.leeds.ac.uk

Clara A. Sena Da Silva

Inorganic Geochemist

Geosciences Department/CESAM

Universidade de Aveiro

Campus Universitario Santiago

3810-193 Aveiro

Portugal

csena77@gmail.com

Frank J. Tepley III

Igneous Petrologist

College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences

Oregon State University

104 CEOAS Administration Building

Corvallis OR 97331

USA

ftepley@coas.oregonstate.edu

Cees van der Land

Inorganic Geochemist

School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences

University of Newcastle

Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU

United Kingdom

cees.van.der.land@ncl.ac.uk

Gene M. Yogodzinski

Igneous Petrologist

Department of Earth & Ocean Sciences

University of South Carolina

710 Sumter Street, EWSC617

Columbia SC 29208

USA

gyogodzin@geol.sc.edu

Zhaohui Zhang

Organic Geochemist

Earth Sciences

Nanjing University

22 Hankou Road

Nanjing 210093

China

zhaohui@nju.edu.cn

Education and outreach

J. Adam Bogus

Videographer

Get-Kinetic, Inc.

2218 East Fletcher Street

Philadelphia PA 19125

USA

jabogusmon@gmail.com

Michael J. Prosalik

Education Officer

Malvern Preparatory School

418 S Warren Avenue

Malvern PA 19355

USA

michaelprosalik@gmail.com

*Addresses at time of expedition, except where updated by participants.

Operational and technical staff

Siem Offshore AS officials

Terry Skinner

Master of the Drilling Vessel

James Samuel McLelland

Offshore Installation Manager (OIM)

IODP-USIO shipboard personnel and technical representatives

Heather Barnes

Assistant Laboratory Officer

Susan Boehm

X-ray Laboratory (temporary)

Michael Cannon

Marine Computer Specialist

Etienne Claassen

Marine Instrumentation Specialist

Ty Cobb

Physical Properties Laboratory

William Crawford

Imaging Specialist

Roy Davis

Laboratory Officer

Helen Evans

Paleomagnetism Laboratory

David Fackler

Applications Developer

Ted Gustafson

Thin Section Laboratory

Sandra Herrmann

Core Laboratory

Jon Howell

Applications Developer

Jan Jurie Kotze

Marine Instrumentation Specialist

Gemma Maxwell

Curatorial Specialist

Erik Moortgat

Chemistry Laboratory

Chieh Peng

Assistant Laboratory Officer

Vincent Percuoco

Chemistry Laboratory

Alyssa Stephens

Publications Specialist

Michael Storms

Operations Superintendent

Kerry Swain

Logging Engineer

Steven Thomas

Marine Computer Specialist

Kevin Werts

Underway Geophysics Laboratory

IODP Publication Services staff*

Lyndal Arceneaux

Program Aide

Douglas Cummings

Graphics Specialist II

Gudelia (“Gigi”) Delgado

Senior Publications Coordinator

Keith Dupuis

Graphics Specialist II

Patrick H. Edwards

Production Specialist IV

Jaime A. Gracia

Supervisor of Production and Graphics

Jenni Hesse

Editor III

Rhonda Kappler

Graphics Specialist III

Shana C. Lewis

Editor III

Ginny Lowe

Reports Coordinator

Amy McWilliams

Editor IV

Angeline T. Miller

Manager of Publication Services

Lorri Peters

Supervisor of Editing

Kenneth Sherar

Production Specialist III

Alyssa Stephens

Graphics Specialist III

Crystal Wolfe

Production Specialist III

Jean Wulfson

Graphics Specialist III

Ann Yeager

Distribution Specialist

*At time of publication.

Expedition-related bibliography*

IODP publications

Scientific Prospectus

Arculus, R., Ishizuka, O., and Bogus, K.A., 2013. Izu-Bonin-Mariana arc origins: continental crust formation at intraoceanic arc: foundations, inceptions, and early evolution. International Ocean Discovery Program Scientific Prospectus, 351. http://dx.doi.org/​10.2204/​iodp.sp.351.2013

Preliminary Report

Expedition 351 Scientists, 2015. Izu-Bonin-Mariana arc origins: continental crust formation at an intra-oceanic arc: foundation, inception, and early evolution. International Ocean Discovery Program Preliminary Report, 351. http://dx.doi.org/​10.14379/​iodp.pr.351.2015

Scientific Drilling journal

Pending.

Proceedings volume

Arculus, R.J., Ishizuka, O., Bogus, K., and the Expedition 351 Scientists, 2015. Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program, Expedition 351: Izu-Bonin-Mariana Arc Origins: College Station, TX (International Ocean Discovery Program). http://dx.doi.org/​10.14379/​iodp.proc.351.2015

Arculus, R.J., Ishizuka, O., Bogus, K., Aljahdali, M.H., Bandini-Maeder, A.N., Barth, A.P., Brandl, P.A., do Monte Guerra, R., Drab, L., Gurnis, M.C., Hamada, M., Hickey-Vargas, R.L., Jiang, F., Kanayama, K., Kender, S., Kusano, Y., Li, H., Loudin, L.C., Maffione, M., Marsaglia, K.M., McCarthy, A., Meffre, S., Morris, A., Neuhaus, M., Savov, I.P., Sena Da Silva, C.A., Tepley, F.J., III, van der Land, C., Yogodzinski, G.M., and Zhang, Z., 2015. Expedition 351 summary. In Arculus, R.J., Ishizuka, O., Bogus, K., and the Expedition 351 Scientists, Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program, Expedition 351: Izu-Bonin-Mariana Arc Origins: College Station, TX (International Ocean Discovery Program). http://dx.doi.org/​10.14379/​iodp.proc.351.101.2015

Arculus, R.J., Ishizuka, O., Bogus, K., Aljahdali, M.H., Bandini-Maeder, A.N., Barth, A.P., Brandl, P.A., do Monte Guerra, R., Drab, L., Gurnis, M.C., Hamada, M., Hickey-Vargas, R.L., Jiang, F., Kanayama, K., Kender, S., Kusano, Y., Li, H., Loudin, L.C., Maffione, M., Marsaglia, K.M., McCarthy, A., Meffre, S., Morris, A., Neuhaus, M., Savov, I.P., Sena Da Silva, C.A., Tepley, F.J., III, van der Land, C., Yogodzinski, G.M., and Zhang, Z., 2015. Expedition 351 methods. In Arculus, R.J., Ishizuka, O., Bogus, K., and the Expedition 351 Scientists, Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program, Expedition 351: Izu-Bonin-Mariana Arc Origins: College Station, TX (International Ocean Discovery Program). http://dx.doi.org/​10.14379/​iodp.proc.351.102.2015

Arculus, R.J., Ishizuka, O., Bogus, K., Aljahdali, M.H., Bandini-Maeder, A.N., Barth, A.P., Brandl, P.A., do Monte Guerra, R., Drab, L., Gurnis, M.C., Hamada, M., Hickey-Vargas, R.L., Jiang, F., Kanayama, K., Kender, S., Kusano, Y., Li, H., Loudin, L.C., Maffione, M., Marsaglia, K.M., McCarthy, A., Meffre, S., Morris, A., Neuhaus, M., Savov, I.P., Sena Da Silva, C.A., Tepley, F.J., III, van der Land, C., Yogodzinski, G.M., and Zhang, Z., 2015. Site U1438. In Arculus, R.J., Ishizuka, O., Bogus, K., and the Expedition 351 Scientists, Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program, Expedition 351: Izu-Bonin-Mariana Arc Origins: College Station, TX (International Ocean Discovery Program). http://dx.doi.org/​10.14379/​iodp.proc.351.103.2015

Leng, W., and Gurnis, M., 2015. Subduction initiation at relic arcs. Geophysical Research Letters, 42(17):7014–7021. http://dx.doi.org/​10.1002/​2015GL064985

Syntheses

Pending.

Journals/Books

Arculus, R.J., Ishizuka, O., Bogus, K.A., Gurnis, M., Hickey-Vargas, R., Aljahdali, M.H., Bandini-Maeder, A.N., Barth, A.P., Brandl, P.A., Drab, L., do Monte Guerra, R., Hamada, M., Jiang, F., Kanayama, K., Kender, S., Kusano, Y., Li, H., Loudin, L.C., Maffione, M., Marsaglia, K.M., McCarthy, A., Meffre, S., Morris, A., Neuhaus, M., Savov, I.P., Sena, C., Tepley, F.J., III, van der Land, C., Yogodzinski, G.M., and Zhang, Z., 2015. A record of spontaneous subduction initiation in the Izu-Bonin-Mariana arc. Nature Geoscience, 8:728–733. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2515

Conferences

European Geosciences Union (EGU) General Assembly 2015

Morris, A., Maffione, M., Kender, S., Aljahdali, M., Bandini, A., do Monte Guerra, R., and the IODP Expedition 351 Scientists Team, 2015. IODP Expedition 351 Izu-Bonin-Mariana Arc Origins: age model for Site U1438. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 17:EGU2015-5328. http://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/​EGU2015/​EGU2015-5328.pdf

*The Expedition-related bibliography is continually updated online. Please send updates to PubCrd@iodp.tamu.edu.